Major Albert Ward MBE MM - The Royal Highland Fusiliers

Major Albert Ward MBE MM, The Royal Highland Fusiliers
My (Trischi Ward) Father

Born: 1914, 24 December at 144 Dumbiedykes Road, Edinburgh.


  • William Wright Ward: 1876, 21st November (87 Bonnington Road, Leith, Edinburgh). "Killed in Action" 16 June 1915 YPRES serving under The 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion of The Royal Scots Fusiliers as a Private, aged circa 39.
  • Rose Ann Ward nee Doonen: 1879, 4 Jan (Edinburgh) - 1967? (Edinburgh)

Siblings: William James Wright Ward (1900 - 1992), Ernest Francis Ward (1902 - 1947), Agnes Rose Wright Ward (1904 - 1965), Doris Ward (1905 / 1908 - 1932?), Bryan Robertson Ward (1910 - ?)... ?

Wife: Ursula (Uschi) Augusta Maria Baingo. Married in 1949, 21 December, in the Church of Scotland Chapel, Hamburg Germany

Occupation: Army

Died: 8 June 2003, buried in Mortanhall Cemetery, Edinburgh


  • Peter Ward: Abt. 1842, Ratho, Midlothian, Scotland? - Abt. 1895 Edinburgh?
  • Agnes Ward nee Wright: Abt. 1834 Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland - Abt. 1906 Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland

Great Grandparents:

  • Peter Ward: Abt. 1806 Ireland - Abt. 1858 Inverkeithing, Fife, Scotland?
  • Isabella Rose Ward nee Cameron: 21 Aug 1815 Traquair, Peeblesshire, Scotland - Abt. 1876 Inverkeithing, Fife, Scotland?

Private William Wright Ward

William Wright Ward (daddy's Father) was born in Leith, Midlothian on 21 November 1876. On 21 Jul 1900 he married Rose Ann Doonan in Brentford, Middlesex, London and was a carman but circa seven years later he returned to Edinburgh with his wife where he worked as a painter and decorator.

Private William Wright Ward WW1 Military Service

Private William Wright Ward - 1st Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers

  • 1914, Aug 4 - Britain declared war on Germany
  • 1914, Nov 28 - Three and a half months after Britain declared war on Germany, aged 38, William Wright Ward enlisted with the 1st Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers (which was part of the 3rd Division of the British Expeditionary Force?). Service Number 7633 | Service Number 5633. Private William Wright Ward Record
  • 1914, Dec 24 - His son (my Daddy) was born. Daddy was never to meet his father.
  • 1915, June 16 - Only six and half months after enlisting, Private William Wright Ward of the 1st Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers was killed in action.
    Did he die during the first assault on the Bellewaarde Ridge, Belgium by the 3rd Division of the British Expeditionary Force? About the Battle of Bellewaarde Ridge
  • Medals awarded: 1914-1915 Star

Piecing Together Major Albert Ward MBE MM's Military Service

Oops, I may have got dates wrong as I was trying to decipher Daddy's notes.

Queen Victoria Military School

Queen Victoria Military School photos circa 1930

  • 1924, October - 1929, January: Albert Ward attended Queen Victoria Military School, Dunblane.
    Queen Victoria Military School - was built in 1908 through subscriptions from serving personnel and other interested parties and was created in memory of those who had died in the South African wars of the late 19th Century. It provided stability and continuity of education, for example like my Father, for the children of UK Armed Forces personnel who are Scottish, have served in Scotland, or are part of a Scottish regiment. Daddy's Father died in WWI serving with The Royal Scots Fusiliers when Daddy was circa 3 months old. Queen Victoria Military School was Daddy's escape from his ancestors' labouring professions. Daddy was always hugely grateful for his education at Queen Victoria Military School.

The Royal Scots Fusiliers

The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).

Daddy's Father William Wright Ward was "Killed in Action" 16 June 1915 YPRES serving under The 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion of The Royal Scots Fusiliers as a Private.

Royal Scots Fusiliers photos: Albert Ward serving with The Royal Scots Fusiliers:

Royal Scots Fusiliers photos: The 1st Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers 1937 Karachi, India - Albert Ward

  • 1929 Feb to 1932, Feb 22 - England
  • 1932 Feb 23 to 1932 Dec 9 - Haifa, Sarafand, Palestine
  • 1932 Dec 10 to 1936 Dec 5 - Egypt
  • 1934 - H.R.H The Prince Of Wales as Colonel-in-Chief inspects The Royal Scots Fusiliers in Ayr, Scotland
  • 1936 May 13 to 1936 Oct 30 - Tel Aviv, Palestine
  • 1936 Oct 31 to 1936 Nov 26 - Moascar, Egypt
  • 1936 Nov 27 to 1938 Jan 8 - Karachi, India
  • From 1939 > served with The Royal Scots Fusiliers (he was the last Quartermaster of the RSF) > The Royal Fusiliers > and Reconnaissance Regiment (54th, 45th, 52th, 45th> in: England and Scotland

The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment

What was the role of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment in WWII? From The Normandy landings in June 1944, The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment (Royal Armoured Corps) performed a valuable role in determining enemy dispositions, and ascertaining their strength and weakness. From Joe Brown on the role of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment in WWII: "The enemies weaknesses would be exploited by The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment by attacking at these points. Strong positions could be neutralised by fire power and/or by-passed and attacked from the flanks or rear.

The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment's objectives would be decided by the General Commanding the Division and his General Staff Officer 1 (Ops) and the Unit would report back to them. The intelligence gained by The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment would help shape the tactical deployment of the Division and the subsequent orders given to the three Infantry Brigades each having three infantry battalions ready to attack the enemy."

? - 1945 - Daddy, Albert Ward, served with The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment Squadron C, as a WO1 (Warrant Officer 1st Class) Squadron Sergeant Major (3126699) in: Normandy, France , Belgium, Holland, Germany, Denmark, Germany (Bielefeld, Hamburg, Celle). Sources: WWII War diaries for the The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment and "Scottish Lion on Patrol: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment" by T. Chamberlin, M.R. Riesco & W. Kemsley

Daddy: RSM [W.0.1] A.Ward 15[S] Recce Regt. receiving his Military Medal from Field Marshal Montgomery. Source

RSM [W.0.1] A.Ward 15[S] Recce Regt. receiving his Military Medal from Field Marshal Montgomery

15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment's Route from Normandy, France to Bargteheide, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany:

The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Squadron's route (sorry if I have some inaccuracies)

  • June 1944 - UK & FRANCE (D-Day landings took place on the 6 June)
    • UK
      17th - ANGMERING, UK: 15 (Scottish) Recce Regt, R.A.C., less 'B' Sqn left for the Marshalling Area, near Portsmouth, Denmead (4 miles south of Petersfield).
    • 18 - 26th - DENMEAD, UK:, Marshalling Area: all movement to France practically ceased due to strong gales.
    • 25th - GOSPORT, UK, Embarkation Area: loading commenced at about 2200 hrs and was finished by about 0200 hrs.

    • 27th June - NORMANDY, Arromanches beaches > ST-GABRIEL?, France: in spite of a gale warning and bad weather reports, the convoy left at 1000 hrs and arrived 1900 hrs.
      All Serials disembarked on the beaches at Arromanches (near Arromanches les Bains / Nan section of Juno beach?) and moved forthwith to a Transit Area (ST-GABRIEL?).
    • 29th - ST-GABRIEL? > PUTOT EN BESSIN, France: Regt received orders to move from ST-GABRIEL? to PUTOT EN BESSIN (through Coulombs > le Parc > Caen-Vayeux road?).
    • 30th - PUTOT EN BESSIN > le HAUT DU BOSQ, France: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment (less A/Tk Bty) moved forward in Divisional reserve to PUTOT EN BESSIN (9072).
      Early that morning, immediately on arrival, 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn was ordered forward to come under command of 44 Bde to fill a gap on the Corps boundary (30/8 Corps) between 15 (S) and 49 Divs, acting more in the role of an Inf Coy than a Recce Sqn, taking up positions about 1 mile south of le HAUT DU BOSQ [filling a gap at le HAUT DU BOSQ between VIII and XXX Corps]. This position was in very thickly wooded country where vehs were of little or no value.

      ? Field fire was not more than two hundred yards. Shortly after midnight the positions were heavily bombed. C Sqn suffered: 1 killed, 1 fatally wounded and 5 wounded. Germans then counter-attacked to the south.

      At about 1335 hrs, R.H.Q. was shelled (25 shells of 10.5 c.m.) this being the first taste of battle which the Regt had had.
  • July 1944

    WW2 British advance: France, Arromanches > Cheux > Bessin > Baron

    • 1st - CHEUX / HAUT DE BOSQ area, France: A/Tk Tps went forward to join 'A' and C Sqns in action
    • 2nd - PUTOT-EN-BESSIN, France: Regtl harbour. 'A' & C Sqns relieved and returned to Regtl harbour at PUTOT, into which came at the same time, unfortunately, a battery of 155 c.m. guns.
    • 3rd - PUTOT-EN-BESSIN, France: Div at rest and undertaking maintenance after its most successful weeks actions in the "Scottish Corridor".
    • 7th - CAEN, France: bombed by 450 heavy RAF bombers at 2200 hrs, which dropped 2,00 tons of bombs.
    • 13th - ‪Fields near Verson, France: C Sqn moved into fields near Verson p53

      WW2 British advance: France, Verson > Caen

    • 16th - south of CAEN - CARPIQUET aerodrome > BARON (Baron-sur-Odon?), France: C Sqn south of CARPIQUET aerodrome had the role of following up left of 227 Bde with orders to attack and capture Pt. 120 behind EVRECY once 158 Bde (53 Div), who were under command 15 (S) Div, were to capture EVRECY and the high ground just beyond.
      They were to exploit success down to AUNAY SUR ORNE. This attack took place late in the evening and failed to achieve any success, though C Sqn moved forward at first light and waited at BARON whilst a further attack was being laid on.
    • 17th - near FONTENAY le PESNEL, south of Cheux?: Regtl harbour. C Sqn ordered back to their original harbour as it was clear that there was to be no recce beyond EVRECY which was very strongly held and no forward movement had been made by 158 Bde.
    • 21st - area of Le BALTRU, France: the three assault troops. ['A', 'B' and C Sqns were combined to help 7th Seaforth, who were holding positions in the area of Le BALTRU. P54.]
    • 23rd - south of BALLEROY (Balleroy-sur-Drôme?), France: 15 (S) Div ordered to relieve 5 U.S. Div south of BALLEROY. C Sqn went straight fwd into the line in support of 44 Bde [and later 46 Brigade] as the connecting link between the right of 15 Div and 2 U.S. Div, where they took over an area from the Americans in very thick country, bocage and orchards, giving a minimum field of fire.
    • 24th - BALLEROY, France - C Sqn plus a Tp of A/Tk guns and a Section of the Mortar Tp carried out patrols on the right of the Div (BALLEROY) in liaison with 2 U.S. Div who made a large scale attack on this day.
    • 25th - C Sqn still holding the right Div area under 46 Bde, who relieved 44 Bde early this morning.
    • 26th - C Sqn still with 46 Bde who where control of 'No Mans' Land.
    • 28th - south of CHEUX, France: Regtl harbour. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn returned to harbour where orders for Operation BLUECOAT (Pt 309 & St. MARTIN DES BESACES) were received.
      This cancelled the 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment taking over BRIQUESSARD WOOD where complete recces had been done down to Tp Comdrs.
    • 29th - Final briefing for Operation BLUECOAT
      The aim of Operation BLUECOAT was to upset the enemy’s defenses: the Germans having particularly settled in the Normandy bocage and buried hundreds of mines to prohibit access to the key points of the terrain. 'A' & 'B' Sqns were to move with the Regiments of 6 Gds Tank Bde who were to exploit forward as quickly as possible to take full advantage of attacks by heavy and medium bombers. C Sqn to be ready to pass through on the right flank and "attack" ST MARTIN DES BESACES.

      WW2 British advance: France, Caumont > Saint Martin des Besaces

    • 30th - ? [BALLEROY > MITRECAEN > CAUMONT (Caumont-sur-Aure?) > HERVIEUX]: Final orders were given for the Regt to move to HERVIEUX, from where 'C Sqn was to lead the "Second Army Break-out". It was decided that night recce should be undertaken, and it was not until about 1 hr before dark that C Sqn moved fwd on unreconnoitred tracks to pass through the fwd inf at Pt 309 where they could fan out to the South.
    • 31st - VAUX MARTIN [Saint Martin des Besaces] > LA MANCELLIERE > north of ST MARTIN DE BESACES, France: At first light scout tps of C Sqn succeeded in getting over Pt 309 and down as far as VAUX MARTIN 6948 where they succeeded in dominating the high ground and moved forward to LA MANCELLIERE.
      A major attack was staged by 11 Armd Div at ST MARTIN DE BESACES, which was not cleared until about 1500 hrs, when infm was received that the Gds Armd Div would have complete priority on roads the next day in order that they might pass through to gain the high ground at LE BENY BOCAGE. C Sqn, therefore returned to a harbour just north of ST MARTIN DE BESACES.
  • August 1944
    • 1st - Behind ST MARTIN DES BESACES, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment situated just behind ST MARTIN DES BESACES, which contrary to expectations was strongly held by the enemy, who were only driven out after a full day's battle.
    • 2nd - LA BRESSI > La BOULINTERE and BEAUMONT France: C Sqn. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved forward about 1000 hrs to protect left flank of the Div, R.H.Q. moving to LA BRESSI, which was overlooked by the high feature of MONTAGNY (Montigny?). C Sqn moved to left flank [in the area of La BOULINTERE and BEAUMONT] to link up with 43 Div who were advancing from Pt 361. Area of R.H.Q. was repeatedly shelled all evening from MONTAGNY (Montigny?), the enemy having seen the tpt moving about.
    • 3rd - LA BRESSI, France: C Sqn spent the day actively patrolling the left flank and had one or two good shoots; in one case 100 Germans were seen concentrating in an avenue of trees and were effectively dispersed by our artillery.
    • 4th - MONTAGNY (Montigny?), France: Good progress was made by C Sqn on this day, and they occupied MONTAGNY, from where the enemy had withdrawn the previous night.
    • 5th - near MONTCHARIVEL, France: R.H.Q., 'B' & C Sqns moved up and harboured near MONTCHARIVEL.
    • 6th - ESTRY, France: C Sqn with 9 Troop got into ESTRY and discovered much information regarding the strength of the enemy, but it was soon obvious that a full scale major attack would have to be made to get past this town. The leading infantry got no further on this day and the troops of C Sqn were ordered to withdraw back to harbour at 1700 hrs.
    • 12th - CAEN sector, France: [The regiment was ordered to move back to the CAEN sector ont the following day, but 2 hours later were ordered for Operation Estry to begin].
      Operation Estry was designed to protect the flank of the Guards Armoured Division, the 4th (Tank) Battalion attacked near Estry in the BOCAGE and follow up an enemy withdrawal from ESTRY
    • 13th - AMAYE-SUR-ORNE, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved at mid-day to AMAYE-SUR-ORNE, the route passing through much of the previous battle areas including VILLERS BOCAGE (which was completely flat), Pt 112, and the area of our previous battles round VERSON.
    • 14th - AMAYE-SUR-ORNE, France: bathing in the ORNE?
    • 18th - LA FRESNIL LA BIEUX [FRESNEY LE VIEUX?], France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved to LA FRESNIL LA BIEUX. Waiting for orders to go
    • 23th - [FALAISE] > LA HOUGETTE: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved at 1800 hrs to LA HOUGETTE preparatory for an early move next day, the FALAISE GAP having been finally cleaned up.
    • 24th - FALAISE > LE SAP - BRENAI, France: The Regiment moved off at first light on what was really route reconnaissance eastwards, passing through the FALAISE battle area.
      Progress was very slow owing to other traffic and the enemy vehicles demolished on the road. Forward Sqns reached the line LE SAP - BRENAI that night.
    • 25th - line of LE NEURBOURG - BARQUET, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment continued its movement with the object of crossing the River EAST of LE BEAUMONT DE ROGER.
      No contact was made but considerable reconnaissance had to be done in order to find crossing places over the many streams and rivers where the bridges had been well demolished by the Germans. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment reached the line of LE NEURBOURG - BARQUET.


      WW2 British advance: crossing the Seine, France

    • 26th - LOUVIERS > [BEAUMONT LE ROGER > line LE NEUBOURG_BARQUET, not far from the SEINE] > high ground WEST of the SEINE - Reconnaissance for the crossing of the R. SEINE started. C Sqn moved forward through LOUVIERS and reached the high ground WEST of the SEINE without incident and commenced to find out as much as they could regarding the river line. [C Sqn was assigned the Star route: Falaise, St Pierre sur Dives, St Foy de Montgomery, Vimoutiers, Orbec, Bernay, Beaumont le Roger and Emanville. C Sqn found the star route impassable west of St Foy de Montgomery, and a diversion on to the Sun route had to me made (Trun, Vimoutiers, Le Sap, Monnai, Broglie, Beaumont le Roger and Emanville)]
    • 27th - WEST of LOUVIERS, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved forward to just WEST of LOUVIERS and the active reconnaissance of the river line was undertaken.
      Very useful work had been done by the patrols of the Regiment, particularly C Sqn, on these two days and they were largely responsible for the early crossing of the R. SEINE. [C Sqn continued its reconnaissance, and extended it to the opposite bank of the river SEINE and to the island opposite MUIDS. A small patrol became the first men in the division to cross the Seine when they rowed to HERQUEVILLE after finding s boat at PORTEJOIE].
    • 28th - R. SEINE, France: Armd Car patrols of 'A' & C Sqns were ferried across at first light next morning so that if there was little opposition as expected these patrols could get the maximum information for the infantry.
      These patrols, acting very boldly, reached a considerable way inland and were able to give very valuable information regarding the small posts of the enemy to the infantry, who were able to achieve their objectives without any difficulty.

      As soon as the bridges were built - Class 9 at MUIDS and Class 40 at St PIERRE, the remainder of 'A' & 'B' Sqns were to cross the river and continue to patrol actively eastwards. These patrols produced a very great amount of valuable information this day. Serious opposition was met on the right by 'A' Sqn at LE THUIT, FRETTEVILLE and LES ANDELYS, whilst 'D' Sqn also on the left ran into various enemy pockets.
    • 29th - SAUSSY, France: Owing to the bridges taking longer than was expected, the 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment harboured for the night 28/29 Aug just short of the river and moved across at 0530 hrs.
      C Sqn were released at mid-day when it was clear that a breakthrough was possible and moved between 'A' & 'B' Sqns to get as far as SAUSSY (Saussay-la-Campagne?) where they came up against strong enemy posts and made contact with the left flank of 11 Armd Div, who were starting their run which took them to BRUSSELS. RHQ moved up to LE LANDE. That night we were informed, much to our disgust, that 53 Div were to pass through 15 (S) Div next day and that we were to clear the roads for them.
    • 31st - ECOUIS - MUSSEGROS, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment concentrated in the area ECOUIS - MUSSEGROS.
  • September 1944
    • 1st - [FRY] > MARLERS, France: The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment under command 53 Div (for flank protection of 7 Armd Div who were advancing on AMIENS and ARRAS) moved up at first light to the area of MARLERS and liaised with the Canadians.
    • 2nd - MARLERS, France: Regiment at rest in MARLERS Area, reverted to the command of 15 (S) Div and awaiting orders for the next phase.
    • 5th - [Crossed the SOMME, west of AMIENS > DOULLENS >] HOUVAIN (Houvin-Houvigneul?), France: The Regiment moved up to the area of HOUVAIN.


      WW2 British advance from France to Belgium

    • 6th - HOUVAIN > LENS > CARVIN > SECLIN, southern outskirts of LILLE and ROUBAIX >] ARRAS, France > BELLEGHEM, > AVELGHEM, BELGIUM: The Regiment moved off at first light via ARRAS to BELLEGHEM (Bellegem?), crossing the BELGIAN Frontier at about 1000 hrs.
      C' Sqns recced out AVELGHEM (9750). 'A' & C Sqns operated during the day and reached the general line COURTRAI - WAERGHEM - CRUYSHAUTEN. Pockets of enemy were encountered but no definite movement was discernible as the enemy appeared to be very disorganised and moving in all directions. [C Sqn reached the canal beyond ZWEVEGHEM and met opposition. After the war Major Mills returned to AVELGHEM at the invitation of the burgermeister and opened an avenue named Liberation Avenue in honour of C Squadron, The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment.]

      Regtl locations as under:
      R.H.Q. - BELLEGHEM (Bellegem?)(8751)
      'A' Sqn - KIRKHOVE (0152)
      'B' Sqn - BELLEGHEM (8751)
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - AVELGHEM (9750)
    • 7th - AVELGHEM, Belgium: C Sqn re-checked their area up the main COURTRAI Rd and met comparatively little opposition. C Sqn operating with the Scots Greys at AVELGHEM Br. [C Squadron discovered a strong group of Germans in KAPHOEK (Kaphoekstraat?), a mile north of AVELGHEM.]
      During the night a fairly stiff attack was put in on the KIRKHOVE Br and 'A' Sqn spent a restless night. The attack was driven off and from the questioning of PW it would appear that a large party of enemy, about 2,000 strong, had attempted to cross the ESCAUT Canal to get home to the "Fatherland". They were unable to do so.
    • 8th - VICHTE > OYCKE (Ooike?), Belgium: C Sqn had 3 Officer patrols out during the day and reconnoitred the area of VICHTE which was held.
      They operated in that area during the day and had a fairly successful day, capturing VICHTE themselves (!) and some 18 to 20 prisoners, and killing a fairly large number of enemy and shooting up a number of soft vehicles. [The Regiment had the task of clearing from the line of the COURTARI-BOSSUYT canal northward to the main OLSENE-OUDENARDE road. C Sqn, on "B" sqn's right, found British soldiers who had been taken along as prisoners in the German retreat. "B" sqn headquarters became worried by the slowness of the advance, which was caused by hundreds of Germans coming to surrender]. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment concentrated in OYCKE in the evening.
    • 9th - Div HQ at ORDENARDE (Oudenaarde?), Belgium: orders for a move to an area NORTH of BRUSSELS next day.
    • 10th - ALOST (Aalst?)> HAECHT (Haacht?) > BREENDONCK (Breendonk?): The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment moved up to a new area BREENDONCK (J.6277) arriving there about 1500 hrs. The route was via ALOST and HAECHT.
      Information was extremely scanty, especially with regard to 30 Corps on our right and the position on the ALBERT Canal. The Regt was to send patrols into this area next day to obtain all available information. 'A' Sqn was to do this job with Armoured Cars. C Sqn were to be prepared to provide 2 Officer patrols if required. [The German's had established a "waiting" camp (Auffangslager)/ an old fortress into a torture chamber in BREENDONK. Then it contained guards who had not managed to escape, and collaborators.
    • 12th - VOORST, Belgium: The Regt moved up to a new harbour in the area of VEERLE, VOORST [2 miles from the ALBERT CANAl], crossing the S.P. at 11.05 hrs and arriving at 1455 hrs.
      RHQ & 'A' Ech - VOORST 103791
      'A' Sqn - 105793
      'B' Sqn - 107791
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - 105791
      The Regtl tasks were as under:
      C Sqn to recce the area of the ALBERT Canal Bank from incl 121823 to the Class I Br
      'B' Sqn to similarly recce from incl KAPEL 0286 to the inter-Div Bdy
      'A' Sqn - maintenance
    • 13th - MEERHOUT, Belgium: 'C' & 'B' Sqns moved out at 0715 hrs and it soon became obvious that the situation had considerably altered during the night and the enemy were in nothing like the strength they were supposed to be.
      The Div Comd wanted the area between MOLL and GHEEL (Geel?) to be combed and the Canal searched for any likely bridging sites. C Sqn was allotted this task at about 1400 hrs and reported that a certain amount of opposition was met on both sides of the canal although all the Brs were blown. All Sqns concentrated at dusk.

      RHQ, 'B' Sqn, 'A' Echelon - 152858
      'C' & 'A' Sqns - MEERHOUT
    • 15 - 18th - ?: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn were ordered to watch the area SOUTH of the JUNCTION Canal from incl 117938 to 206960 to prevent any infiltration between the DONCK Br and the 44 Bde B'head at 0792.
      [On the night of 15th September - a patrol of C Sqn led the way for the 2nd Gordon Highlanders, who tried to cross the canal 2 miles west of the DONCK bridge in order to draw of the pressure by the Herman Goring troops on the bridgehead but being pinned down, the attempt failed, . On the 17th September - The Assault Tp of 'A' Sqn was placed under command of C Sqn to assist them. Higher authority were very worried about this area and a composite force - 6 Royal Scots, 'C' Coy 1 Mx (MGs), Pl 'D' Coy 1 Mx (Mortars) with considerable arty support was put under comd of the C.O. The enemy was fairly active in patrolling during the late afternoon of the 18th they captured 2 men from C Sqn.
    • 20th - The Regt was ordered to [withdraw from the bridgehead, hand over the rest of the area to the 7th Armoured Division and] move up to HOLLAND (STEENSEL area) the following day. 'B' Sqn were to remain and help 44 Bde in the MOLL (Mol?) area watching the SOUTH bank of the JUNCTION Canal.


      WW2 British advance from Belgium to Netherlands

    • 21st - [LOMMEL > crossed the ESCAUT CANAL> Entered HOLLAND > EINDHOVEN area >] HEIKE, Holland: The Regt arrived in HOLLAND and were harboured in the HEIKE area about 4000 yards WEST of EINDHOVEN.
      C Sqn sent out Officer patrols to the line of the WILHELMINA Canal to contact U.S. Forces in the area of EINDHOVEN and SON (ZON). C Sqn recced the brs SOUTH of BEST and OIRSCHOT. They contacted the 502 Parachute Inf Regt, U.S. Army, in the SON (ZON) and EINDHOVEN areas and tied up with them. [Reconnoitered bridging sites south of OIRSCHOT and BEST].
    • 22nd - South WILHELMINA CANAL, AACHT, Holland: C Sqn to recce the area between the main BEST - HERTOGENBOSCH Rd and the BEST - OIRSCHOT - TILBURG Rd.
    • 24th - South WILHELMINA CANAL, AACHT, Holland: C Sqn were ordered to take over the close protection of the Cl 9 and Cl 40 Brs at BEST, so relieving the inf who were holding them.
    • 26th - South WILHELMINA CANAL, AACHT, Holland C Sqn remained in close protection of the Brs. R.H.Q. moved up to LE VEULT (De Vleut?) (25,000 Sheet 5 (Holland) 389284)
    • 27th - AACHT, Holland > LE VEULT area: C Sqn relieved of Br protection by RE at 0800 hrs and rested until taking over from 'A' Sqn holding the gap in the LE VEULT area
    • 28 - 30th - LE VEULT area, Holland: C Sqn remained in LE VEULT area holding the gap.
    • 30th - R.H.Q. moved to St OEDENRODE, Holland
  • October 1944
    • 1st - LE VLEUT area, Holland: C Sqn protecting 30 Corps C.L. in the LE VLEUT area.
    • 2nd - LE VLEUT area, Holland: 'A' & C Sqns also remained in the St OEDENRODE - VLEUT area and R.H.Q. remained static at St OEDENRODE. Regt Harbour party moved to HELMOND.
    • 3rd - HELMOND, Holland: C Sqn were relieved from protection of 30 Corps C.L. by 2 Derby Yeo, and moved to join 'B' Sqn and R.H.Q. in the concentration area of HELMOND (Ref HOLLAND 1/100,000 Sh 4, 560223).
    • 4th - HELMOND, Holland: the Regiment was harboured in the schools of HELMOND, 10 miles east of EINDHOVEN. C Sqn had billets opposite a large monastry, and the 'OC Monks' permitted the vechiles to harboured in the grounds.]
    • 6th - HELMOND Castle, Holland: in the evening the massed Pipes and Drums of the 15 Scottish Division beat the retreat in the grounds of HELMOND Castle [the first time on the Continent].
    • 9th - 'B' Sqn at Rd DEURNE - DE RIPS, Holland: attempted to patrol fwd (to the line of the canal WEST of DEURNE) but regrettably the patrol was ambushed and Lieut GOODRICH was lost, believed PW and wounded.
    • 12th - 14 Rd DEURNE - DE RIPS, Holland: 'A' Sqn in posn on Rd DEURNE - RIPS until relieved by C Sqn in the afternoon. C Sqn remained on their job (to ensure Br from being blown up by saboteurs) until relieved by 'B' Sqn in the afternoon of the 14th.
    • 16th - Rd DEURNE - DE RIPS? > HELMOND, Holland: C Sqn were ordered to re-comb the area (DEURNE - RIPS?) again and confirm that there were still no enemy on the line of the canal, and to link up with 7 US Armd Div. They remained on the canal all day and were called back to HELMOND at dusk.
    • 19th - Regt left HELMOND 1030 hrs 19 Oct and moved up to relieve 2 Derby Yeo and 5 Coys of 5 Camerons in the area LE VLEUT - BEST, Holland.
      The next orders were to return to the BEST-ST Oedenrode line as part of 227 Brigade Group, which was to relieve 2 brigades of the Highland Division and the 2nd Derbyshire Yeomanry. This was part of the redistribution of XII Corps formations for Operation Pheasant (also known as the Liberation of North Brabant) which was a major operation to clear German troops from the province of North Brabant in the Netherlands, from the western edge of the Nijmegan salient and out of s'Hertogenbosch and Tilburg.]

      [C Sqn had returned to its old positions, occuping an area called "The Box" which was so close to the Germans that they could hear the Germans coughing and was often under fire.]

      Locations as under (Ref HOLLAND Sh 18NW, 18 SW, 1/25,000):
      R.H.Q. - X Track 389284
      'A' Sqn - Area STEENEEG - X Tracks 372278
      'B' Sqn - took over the area which was held before by 2 A & SH, nicknamed the "Box" (382293). These posns were within 100 yards of the enemy FDLs
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - area of LE VLEUT
    • 20 - 23rd - Regt was very thin on the ground, covering, in fact, what had been a Bde front previously.
      Sometimes The Regt was too thin on the ground to provide any patrols. In the morning pf 20th 'B' Sqn had trouble; a mortar stonk killing one OR and wounding 6 others, all from the same Assault Section. Sporadic shelling, mortar and arty fire during the days, mostly in the area of the BEST Br and X Rds.
    • 24th - LE VEULT area, Holland: C Sqn was ordered by the C.O. to patrol through 'B' Sqn and try and confirm 'B' Sqn's report that they believed the enemy had withdrawn from our front.
      C Sqn moved up NORTH through 'B' Sqn and at the same time moved a patrol on the RIGHT flank so as to try and have a look at LIEMPDE from the EAST. C Sqn was soon held up by the bad going, and a number of mines and Rd blocks across the tracks in the woods. C Sqn, as they could not get on, were ordered to concentrate at VLEUT. C Sqn remained in the LE VEULT area with orders to be ready to patrol with one Tp along the line of the WILHELMINA Canal on the front of 44 Bde so as to approach TILBURG from the SOUTH. The main problems were Rd blocks, which were mined and booby-trapped, and the tracks, some of which were almost impassable while others were mined.
    • 25th - LE VEULT Area, Holland: The patrol from C Sqn moving along the canal bank found progress almost impossible [owing] to slit trenches and very bad going.
      Every effort was made to by-pass, but by 1200 hrs it was found no further progress could be made and the patrol withdrawn. Locations:
      'A' & C Sqns, R.H.Q. - LE VEULT Area
      'B' Sqn - MOERGESTEL.
    • 26th - OIRSCHOT > SOUTH of the WILHELMINA Canal > crossed the BIEST Br > area BIEST, Holland: C Sqn were moved up to OIRSCHOT, arriving approx 1100 hrs (R.H.Q. moved to OIRSCHOT).
      C Sqn were ordered to carry out Offr patrols SOUTH of the WILHELMINA Canal, crossing the BIEST Br, with the job of contacting 4 Armd Bde and carrying out a full route recce of the rds in the area. Owing to traffic congestion these patrols did not get across the BIEST Br before approx 1400 hrs, thus being left with very little daylight to complete their recce. However, some very valuable infm was obtained. 'A' Sqn was moved into OIRSCHOT during the afternoon, and it was decided as C Sqn might be required to carry out further recces, to move them to the area BIEST and their location at OIRSCHOT allotted to the Tps of 'B' Sqn who had been turned out by 227 Bde HQ.
    • 27th - Area of BIEST, Holland: C Sqn
      Locations were as under:
      R.H.Q. - OIRSCHOT. 'A' Sqn - OIRSCHOT
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn Area of BIEST
      'B' Sqn - Sqn HQ and 1 Tp at OIRSCHOT; remainder at MOERGESTEL
    • 29th - HELMOND, Holland: The Regt moved to HELMOND to assist 8 Corps in stemming the German counterattack against U.S. Armd Div.
    • 30 / 31st - HEUSDEN, Holland: The Regt was given the task of acting as long stop to the Inf Bdes to endeavour to prevent infiltration. C Sqn was placed SOUTH operating from HEUSDEN.
      As very little was known about the enemy, active patrolling was ordered. C Sqn managed to gain very valuable infm both of the enemy and of the ground, and in particular Lieut MORRIS put up a very good performance on the RIGHT of the Glasgow Highlanders where he greatly assisted in breaking up a very nasty German counter-attack. C Sqn limited patrols on 227 Bde front.

      Locations for the night:
      R.H.Q. - ZOMEREN 598107
      'A' Sqn - OMMEL 6115
      'B' Sqn - ZOMEREN 605086
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - HEUSDEN 6212
  • November 1944
    • 1st - LIESEL - MEIJEL Axis, HEUSDEN, Holland: C Sqn were to patrol down the LIESEL - MEIJEL Axis in front of 46 Bde.
      Locations : RHQ ZOMEREN (Holland Sh 26 NE 1/25,000, MR 598107)
      'A' Sqn Concentrated for night OMMEL 6115
      'B' Sqn School NIEWWE PAROCHIE
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn HEUSDEN 6212
    • 2nd - axis LIESEL - MEIJEL, Holland: C Sqn patrolled on the axis LIESEL - MEIJEL and pinpointed several more enemy posns S of MOOSDIJK. During the day Comd of this Bde wanted further patrols and it was necessary to put in 'B' Sqn who had been in reserve in the area of HEUSDEN.
    • 3rd - axis HEUSDEN - MEIJEL, Holland: C Sqn patrolled along the main axis HEUSDEN - MEIJEL and discovered several minefields and one specially good foot patrol by Lt. ROYLE who discovered a crater and sent back accurate infm despite very hy enemy shelling.
    • 4 - 5th A and C Sqns remained static in same locns.
    • 7th - bog area E of LIESEL: C Sqn relieved B Sqn and came under comd 46 Bde in the bog area E of LIESEL.
    • 9th - HELMOND, Holland: A Sqn relieved C Sqn at 1100 hrs. C Sqn to rest in HELMOND.
    • 11th - HEUSDEN, Holland: C Sqn to HEUSDEN.
    • 14th - C Sqn relieved B Sqn who were on left flank protection of Div
    • 17th - HELMOND, Holland: A Sqn relieved C Sqn who moved to HELMOND.
      [The Division, the right flank of VIII Corps, was given two routes east from the Deurne Canal. One, called Skye, ran from MEIJEL through BERINGE to SEVENUM, and was 227 Brigade's; The second, called Ayr, ran from LIESEL to SEVENUM through HELENAVEEN and was 46 Brigade's.]
    • 19th - MEIJEL area, Holland: In view of pending ops C Sqn were recalled from HELMOND and ordered to harbour by dark in the MEIJEL area [reloeving the Royal Scots Fusiliers].
      One of their tps was to be ready to move in the morning under comd of B Sqn over the Canal de DEURNE. The whole of the MEIJEL area was very heavily mined and C Sqn lost two vehs whilst moving into a fwd post where they were to relieve the RSF to enable the Inf to be in posn to follow B Sqn in the morning. No personnel cas. Regt task: C Sqn to move over the Canal as soon as practicable after B Sqn and harbour as a Regt res in the BERINGE area.
    • 20th - Canal de DEURNE: C Sqn had moved over the Canal de DEURNE as ordered. RHQ moved to MEIJEL (709075)
    • 21st - BROEK, Holland: C Sqn moved out on the main axis at first light [reconnitoring in front of 227 Brigade on Skye] and during a day of very good patrolling obtained excellent infm despite the very bad weather and fearful going.
      By night they had reached BROEK (8011) on the outskirts of VOORSTE STEEG. They made contact in BROEK with SP guns and in the general area they found a fair number of mines. The bridge on the outskirts of VOORSTE STEEG was found to be blown. The proposed Div axis (SKYE route) was fast becoming a quagmire. A Sqn got over the canal at HELENAVEEN at midday and obtained much useful infm regarding the approaches to SEVENUM from the WEST. They encountered one A.Tk gun but again their main difficulties were mines and the bad going on the tracks. This Sqn was withdrawn by 46 Bde to their old area of LIESEL for the night. C Sqn were ordered to remain in the area of BROEK in the open for the night as the rds were so bad that it was not practicable to return to BERINGEN. The main infm of the day was of only slight resistance but mines, craters, and mud in plenty.
    • 22nd - SEVENUM > HORST > HEGELSOM, Holland: This was a grand day for C Sqn.
      By 1000 hrs they were in SEVENUM and reported the town clear apart from demolitions (the Church steeple blown across the rd) and general mining of all the exits from the town towards the R. MAAS. By midday they had reached the rly crossing N of the town at 819157 and reported craters and slight enemy opposition from the area of the rly stn. This was successfully dealt with. At 1200 hrs Div ordered a patrol to investigate HORST (8318) and HEGELSOM. By 1600 hrs the Sqn had completed this and reported both towns clear. A grand day by C Sqn of quick adv, but of mines, demolitions and again, only slight enemy opposition. HQ were established BERINGEN (754058).
    • 23rd - KASTENRAIJ > [TIENRAIJ] > BROCK > the Woods just S of BROCK > 500 yards from TENRAIJ, Holland: The Regt was given four priority tasks for today by the GOC which were to be carried out by C Sqn.
      First, to report on the village of KASTENRAIJ.
      Secondly, TENRAIJ.
      Thirdly, BROCK
      Fourthly the Woods just S of BROCK.
      Despite very hy mining especially on the northern exits of HORST, and demolitions and rd blocks, C Sqn reported the first priority, KASTENRAIJ, clear by 1215 hrs. This enabled the inf of the 3 Div to march down the rd and occupy this village. The third and fourth priorities of BROCK and the woods to the south, were reported clear by 1100 hrs, and on the second priority TENRAIJ they made contact at 1500 hrs with MGs dug-in along the line of the rly. This patrol carried out foot recce about 500 yards from the village itself and reported all that was necessary to Div by 1500 hrs, namely that the village was held; and reported the pinpoints of several enemy posns. Another very good day by C Sqn, who had obtained a vast amount of extraordinarily accurate infm, especially regarding mines, craters, rd blocks, and demolitions.
    • 24th - 1,500 yds from TENRAIJ, Holland: C Sqn were again ordered to patrol to TENRAIJ and to confirm that the enemy was still there.
      Patrols progressed well despite hy mining and demolitions and without any assistance from sappers or of scissors tk-br, both of which were requested. They made contact about 1,500 yds from TENRAIJ itself which disclosed that the enemy had seeped fwd standing patrols about 1,000 yds during the night. By 1400 hrs the Corps Comd told the Regt that C Sqn patrols could withdraw as they had got all the infm he desired. Patrols withdrew having done another very good job.
    • 25th - the line of the rly running into BLERICK, Holland: This was a day of local patrolling by C Sqn mostly on behalf of the inf who had not the experience to really patrol on their own behalf.
      Our own inf took over in TENRAIJ and the towns of HORST and SEVENUM pushing up behind C Sqn along the line of the rly running into BLERICK. The MAAS pocket has shrunk considerably during the last few days largely due to C Sqn who have done terrific work and is now only a small strip along the river bank with pockets in the riverside villages and in the town of BLERICK which is the western suburb of VENLO. Plan for tomorrow. C Sqn in front of 227 Bde to recce the villages of WANSSUM - BLITTERWIJK - BROEK HUIZENVORST. RHQ moved up to VOORST STEEG (805128) and HQ established there.
    • 26th - WANSSUM > BLITTERWIJK > BROEK HUIZENVORST, Holland: By 1030 hrs C Sqn has reached all three of their objectives and had reported all the infm necessary.
    • 27 - 30th - HORST: C Sqn
      A & 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqns - HORST
  • December 1944
    • 1st - [ANNA HOEVE] HORST?, Holland: C Sqn. Sqn HQ at 869134. RHQ located at VOORSTE STEEG 805129.
    • 2nd - [ANNA HOEVE] HORST?, Holland:C Sqn preparing to take part as Gap and Traffic Control for Operation "GUILDFORD" (44 (L) Inf Bde attack on BLERICK).
      The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment is running the Control layout which was worked out on Exercise "BLACKCOCK" in ENGLAND last year. There are to be 6 lanes, one for wheels, one for tracks, and one spare on each of the two main routes fwd, and we are having three control points on each lane, an entrance party, a mid-way party and an exit party. Officers are to be in charge of the entrance and exit parties on each lane and Sqn HQ are to be Regulating HQ. It was represented that to enable this task to be carried out satisfactorily, better protection than an Armd Car or Carrier would be required. Four Churchill Tanks were therefore lent to us, much against the wishes of the Tk Bn Comd concerned.
    • 3rd - ?: C Sqn Gap Control party worked very smoothly and to the satisfaction of all concerned, the G.O.C. sending a congratulatory message thanking Major MILLS, his Officers and ORs for a good job of work. C Sqn party suffered no casualties in spite of exceptionally heavy shelling, which proved the value of the Churchills.
    • 9th - 'A' Sqn relieved by C Sqn (in the line holding from excl GRUBBENVORST to 8112?)
      locations as under:
      'A' Sqn - 834182
      'B' Sqn - 824153
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - 869133
      RHQ - 573156
    • 14 - 21st - LIEROP, Holland: 'B' Sqn relieved C Sqn on 14th and C Sqn moved to LIEROP.
      Over the last 7 days there has been a certain amount of enemy patrol activity on our front. The Sqn ('A'?) is, in fact, holding the line opposite two of the seven most likely crossing places on the Div front. During the night of 21st one of their posts was ambushed by a fairly strong enemy patrol and 9 ORs reported missing. The post ambushed were in houses and would appear to have been taken more or less by surprise.
    • 22nd - HOUT BELRICK, Holland: Regt commitment is changed to be the village of HOUT BLERICK, which is to be taken over today. C Sqn took over the new posns in the village of HOUT BELRICK from 6 KOSB.
      Squadron HQ were in the crypt of what remained of the church.
    • 23 - 27th area of HOUT BLERICK, Holland: C Sqn in the area of HOUT BLERICK under comd 44 (L) Inf Bde. Daddy's birthday is 24th December.
    • 28th - LIEROP, Holland: 'B' Sqn relieved C Sqn. C Sqn to LIEROP.
    • 30th - HELMOND, Holland: C Sqn Christmas Dinner in HELMOND. see page 179 :)
    • 31st - LIEROP, Holland: Two Sabre Sqns are resting; 'A' & C Sqns in the village of LIEROP. Regt has one Sqn committed in the line. i.e. 'B' Sqn under comd 44 (L) Inf Bde at HOUT BLERICK.


Warrant Officer Albert Ward of The Royal Scots Fusiliers - 3rd from right

Warrant Officer Albert Ward of The Royal Scots Fusiliers

  • January 1945
    • 1st - LIEROP, Holland: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment deployed and located as under:
      RHQ & 'A' Echelon - static and located at LIEROP 573156
      'A' & C Sqns - resting in village of LIEROP
      'B' Sqn under comd 44 (L) Inf Bde and in the line at HOUT BLERICK

      Enemy air activity took place over the whole Div area, and, in fact, over the whole of the Western Front. No casualties or damage were suffered by the Regiment and no hits were claimed on enemy aircraft.
    • 9 - 14th In the line at HOUT BLERICK, Holland: 'A' Sqn relieved by C Sqn at HOUT BLERICK on the 9th.
    • 15th - DE HEIBLOEM??, Holland C Sqn returned to rest and maintenance - DE HEIBLOEM?

    • 22nd - GOOR, Holland: C Sqn. 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment, less 'A' Sqn moved to new location BOISCHOT.
      Locations as under (Ref BELGIUM Sheet 4, 1/100.000):
      RHQ, 'A' Echelon, L.A.D (Light Aid Detachment) - BOISCHOT 923766
      'B' Sqn - Chateau 934775
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn - GOOR 916748
      'A' Sqn under comd 44 (L) Inf Bde in line at HOUT BLERICK.
    • 26 - 31st MONASTERY: C Sqn. The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment to move to new location near TILBURG 191305.
      Regiment now located as under:
      RHQ, 'B' & 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqns, LAD - Monastery 193306
      'A' & 'B' Echelons - 199308
      'A' Sqn billeted on the SOUTH edge of TILBURG in civilian billets

      The whole Regiment to spend the next days in maintenance, rest, and preparing for future operations. Slight enemy activity in the way of V.1 weapons on TILBURG. No casualties suffered by the Regiment.
    • 30th? [HELMOND]: C Sqn [swept into HELMOND for it's belated Christmas party].
      "The party was in a HELMOND cafe... it was so large that the whole sqaudron was able to sit together... everything was going with a swing, including some of the chairs... Sg Major Ward sized up the situation and decided that fresh air would be beneficial to the company, so everybody was truned out to cool down for a couple of hours before the dance, which started at seven o'clock. It was amazing, the difference those two hours made." Capt Liddell
      Wow Daddy! At home hosting dinner parties - he wouldn't let guests leave saying "Just one more, for down the road" :)
  • February 1945
    • 1st - 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment located as under:
      RHQ, 'B' & C Sqns, LAD - Monastery, TILBURG (191305)
      'A' Sqn billeted in TILBURG
      'A' & 'B' Echelons - 192304
    • 6th - NIJMEGEN, Holland: Regt moved up to conc area for Operation VERITABLE. Time of arrival at NIJMEGEN - 'B' Sqn 0300 hrs, C Sqn 0345 hrs, RHQ 0345 hrs, 'A' Sqn 0600 hrs.
      Operation Veritable started on 8 February 1945 aiming to clear the area between the Roer and Rhine rivers of German forces. Operation Veritable was intended to be one of two pincers aimed at encircling the entrenched German forces. In this scenario British and Canadian forces would constitute the northern pincer of the attack, while U.S. forces would come up from the south to close the trap (Operation Grenade).
    • 7th - C Sqn Gap Control party join 46 & 227 Bdes at 2300 hrs ready to move off with Bde columns at 0400 hrs on 8 Feb. [The regiment was settled in NIJMEGEN (Holland)]
    • 8th - Operation "VERITABLE" started.
      The Tasks of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment:
      (i) Regt to endeavour to pass through inf and recce advance of two mobile columns - (a) Axis KLEVE - CALCAR, (b) Axis KLEVE - UDEM.
      (ii) Regt to recce route between KLEVE and the REICHSWALD FOREST to allow 2 HCR to pass through and recce towards GOCH - "flood the country with Armd Cars".
      C Sqn's task was point duty in the Siegfried Line.

    • 9th - NIJMEGEN,, Holland > NUTTERDEN, Germany: At 1445 hrs Regt was given orders by GOC to move off, the Southern Route to be cleared for Regt's move. Order of march - 'B' Sqn, RHQ, 'A' Sqn, C Sqn. The Regt, less 'B' Sqn, harboured in the area of NUTTERDEN [Siegfried Line village] for the night.
    • 10 - During the day C Sqn Gap Control party came in by bits and pieces, having been very badly bogged down. They should have joined the Regt passed through KRANENBURG, Germany the evening before.
    • 12th - KLEVE, Germany: The Regt was now concentrated at KLEVE except for 'B' Sqn who were still in the NUTTERDEN area.
    • 13th - HASSELT > outskirts ROSENDALL > near HURSBERDEN: C Sqn relieved 'A' Sqn and carried out similar patrols ('A' Sqn was ordered to move off and pass through KLEVE (CLEVE) and recce towards CALCAR).
      They found that the enemy had pulled back along the whole front. Mines were located at 938534 on the outskirts of HASSELT, but these were by-passed and HASSELT reached at 1100 hrs and found to be clear. A carrier tp was left to hold HASSELT until relieved by the inf. A patrol pushed fwd, but contacted enemy inf in the wood 948531. Enemy were also encountered on the southern outskirts of ROSENDALL 9452. Very hy and accurate fire was brought down on these patrols and it was necessary for them to withdraw. A further patrol was endeavouring to make for HURSBERDEN but could get no further than Rd Junc 940557, where it came under fire from SP Guns. A patrol working northwards from HASSELT could only reach the line of the rly where it also came under fire. It was quite obvious that the enemy was still prepared to fight hard.

      That night the Germans blew up a dyke in the Later Rhine, and the floods spread and deepened with this new onrush of water. C Sqn tried to find a wat round them while the infantry of 46 Brigade carried out limited operations against the strong German positions on the main road beyond Hasselt.
    • 14th - KLEVE - CALCAR Rd & KLEVE - KELLEN rd: C Sqn were ordered to repeat the patrols of the previous day to check up whether there had been any alteration during the night.
      Considerable flooding was found both on the KLEVE - CALCAR Rd and on the KLEVE - KELLEN rd. C Sqn endeavoured to find some way round the floods keeping to the NORTH of KLEVE - CALCAR Rd as the inf were fighting SOUTH of it. They found it quite impossible; even the rly KLEVE - CALCAR was flooded to anything up to 6'. Efforts were made to test the depth of water by use of Recce boats.
    • 15 - 18th - KLEVE: C Sqn
      RHQ, 'B' & 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqns - KLEVE
      'A' Sqn - BEDBURG.
    • 19th - KLEVE, Germany: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn
      RHQ moved to [hospital buildings in] BEDBURG [just outside CLEVE on the orad to GOCH] to be close to Div HQ. 'A' Sqn were ordered to send patrols to discover the sit in GOCH and to see if there was any possibility of pushing through the town with our patrols. The fighting, however, in GOCH was still extremely hy and it was quite out of the question for any patrols to get through.
    • 21st - KLEVE, Germany: C Sqn
      The Regt was ordered to find out the posn at the Southern end of the wood 9542, which was reported to be clear of enemy by an inf patrol. 'B' Sqn were ordered to move up from KLEVE to PFALZDORF and given the job of finding out the posn at the bottom end of this wood and to est themselves there to prevent infiltration through the wood, so giving left flank protection to our inf attacking southwards. All the tracks in the area were found to be almost impassable, having been badly churned up by the tks. A tp of carriers was pushed through the inf at BUCHOLT and soon came under considerable arty and mortar fire from UDEM. This tp pushed on and came under S.A. fire from the houses in area 958431. As a result of hy Besa fire and setting a haystack on fire they collected from these houses 30 POW, incl the crew of a Panther tank. It was clearly quite impossible to get a mounted patrol down to the bottom of the wood, and therefore it was decided to get down a dismounted party during the night. The Assault Tp of C Sqn was placed under comd 'B' Sqn. At about 0300 hrs 'B' Sqn was est at the X Tracks 957424.
    • 22nd - KLEVE > PFALZDORF > GOCH, Germany: C Sqn
      At first light 'B' Sqn pushed out dismounted patrols to discover the exact posn at the bottom of the wood. These patrols soon ran into trouble, encountering mines and coming under fairly hy spandau fire. An SP gun also opened fire, bursting the rounds in the trees. C Sqn Assault Tp Leader, who was in comd of the party decided it was not on to stay at the X Tracks and withdrew his whole party back level with the inf coys in the area 951428. This wood was under very hy shell-fire all day and personnel were not properly organised for a protracted stay in slit trenches. 'A' Sqn Assault Tp was therefore placed under comd 'B' Sqn to enable reliefs to take place and troops to be rested and re-organised out of range of this hy shelling. C Sqn were moved up from KLEVE to PFALZDORF and later into GOCH, 'B' Sqn having moved across to the farm at 944445 the previous evening. [The RAF by mistake dropped bombs at night on C Sqn's harbour in the GOCH area.]
    • 23rd - ?: C Sqn. The inf were ordered to relieve us in the posns in the wood. Again the shelling was very hy all morning and it was not possible to commence this relief until approx 1400 hrs. During the morning 'B' Sqn filtered back by troops to GOCH, where they harboured.
      C Sqn were ordered to send out carrier patrols to give left flank protection to 44 Bde during their attack to the SOUTH. They were in posn at 1030 hrs and were relieved by inf at 1800 hrs. They were under very hy shell fire all day, losing 1 killed and 3 wounded; 5 vehs ditched or burnt out. The going was quite impossible owing to softness of the ground, which had been cut up by tks. [It was the regiment's last action in Operation Veritable. That night order were received for the relief of the Scottish Division, which was to refit and train for the CROSSING of the RHINE
    • 24th - GOCH, Germany: C Sqn. Harbour parties sent to LOUVAIN in BELGIUM. Shortly after they had left, fresh orders came for harbour parties to proceed to TILBURG (HOLLAND).
      RHQ, 'A' Sqn - BEDBURG
      'B' & 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqns - GOCH, Germany
      25 -28th - TILBURG: Regt crossed SP at GOCH, Germany at 0740 hrs on the 25th of Feb and reached TILBURG, Holland 1200 hrs. The Regt was accommodated in civilian billets in the town. Maintenance and re-organisation.
  • March 1945
    • 1 - 5th - TILBURG, Holland: Ref Maps 1/100,000, Sheets P.1., Q.1. Regt concentrated and accommodated in TILBURG, HOLLAND. Maintenance and re-organisation.
    • 6 - 20th - BOURG LEOPOLD (Bourg-Léopold, Belgium, 8 miles from MOLL and not far from BRUSSELS): Regt & LAD arrived in BOURG LEOPOLD, and were accommodated in barracks. T.P.M. received to say that change over from HUMBER to DAIMLER Armd Cars was to take place forthwith. Maintenance and re-organisation [in preparation for the CROSSING OF THE RHINE & 'The last round' / 'the knock-out blow'].
    • 21 - BOURG LEOPOLD, Belgium: Regt left BOURG LEOPOLD at 2300 hrs driving through VENLO > WINNEKENDONCK, Germany > for concentration area for Operation "TORCHLIGHT" (This was the British crossing of the Rhine river in the area of Xanten), arriving at WINNEKDONK, GERMANY, (MR ) in the early hours of the morning 22 Mar 45.

    • 22nd - WINNEKDONK, Germany: Regt concentrated at WINNEKDONK and briefed for Operation "TORCHLIGHT" (the RHINE crossing).
      In the initial stages of the crossing each Sqn to supply six half-tracks for the towing of storm-boats and bridging materials. In addition six carriers were to be supplied to tpt Mil Government personnel over the RHINE. Two carriers to be supplied to RASC to act as wireless link to RASC Dump on EAST bank of RHINE. C Sqn were to supply five officer patrols to recce the immediate vicinities of the bridge-head, to be passed over the RHINE as and when the situation warranted.


      WW2 British advance: crossing the Rhine Germany

    • 23rd - ?: The Assault Crossing of the RHINE started at 2130 hrs by Commandos, followed by the 51st (Highland) Division and our own Division at 0200 hrs on 24 Mar 45.
      [On the night of 23 March more than 1,300 guns began to fire at the Germans on the east bank, on the XXX Corps front, the Highland Division started crossing opposie REES... On the XII Corps front, 1 Commando Brigade crossed WESEL and at 2 am the infrantry of the Scottish Division some piped ashore, opened their assualt between REES and WESEL.]
    • 24th - marshalling area STAR, WINNEKDONK?: C Sqn patrols called forward to marshalling area (Marshalling area = STAR, WINNEKDONK?) at 1500 hrs to cross the RHINE, but remained in the area until the early hours of 25 Mar 45, except for one carrier patrol which crossed the river at approximately 1500 hrs and proceeded to patrol to contact the Airborne Division.
      [10 am over the Rhine flew the air armada of the First Airborne Army - more than 1,700 planes and 1,300 gliders with parachutists.]
    • 25th - otherside of RHINE: Officer patrols of C Sqn moved over the RHINE and began to reconnoitre in front of 44 Bde.
    • 26th - crossing of the RHINE: Regt began to move across Cl 9 br at 0600 hrs, RHQ crossing at 0700 hrs, and concentrated in the area 103472. 'A' and 'B' Sqns concentrated. C Sqn under comd 44 Bde [patrolling on that brigade's front].
    • 27th - approaches to BOCHOLT: C Sqn under comd 44 (L) Bde reconnoitring the approaches to BOCHOLT. RHQ moved in the evening to the village of HABERN.
      [Heavy fighting was reported on all sections of the bridghead, particulalrly in the area of HALDERN, on the buondary between XII Corps and XXX Corps.]
    • 28th - left flank: C Sqn remained under comd of 44 Bde, and the 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment, less one Sqn, were made responsible for the whole of the left flank as from 1800 hrs, as 227 Bde were withdrawn to take part in the operation to clear HALDERN tomorrow. '
    • 30th - area of HAMMENKELN, Germany: C Sqn. The Regt was ordered to concentrate and moved up to 150486, except for C Sqn who remained in the area of HAMMENKELN.
    • 31st - HAMMENKELN, Germany: C Sqn.
      Regt located as under:
      RHQ, 'A' Echelon, LAD - 150486
      'A' & 'B' Sqns - 150486
      15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment C Sqn & 'B' Echelon - HAMMENKELN.
  • April 1945
    • 1-2nd - [Low land beside the Rhine, Germany: the regiment waited.]
    • 3rd - WINTERSWIJK, Holland: The Regt moved [35 miles NE] to WINTERSWIJK. Harbour parties found the route ordered was impassable, and there was a delay of about 2½ hrs while the Regt got onto a new route. Regt harboured at school at WINTERSWIJK (HOLLAND) 3176
    • 4th - BOCHOLT > BERKEN > OSTERWIJK > ALTENBURG - 8795 (between MUNSTER and RHEINE) > GREVEN > LENGERICH > IBURG > MUNDROP, Germany: Regt moved at 0530 hrs. Route BOCHOLT - BERKEN - OSTERWIJK - ALTENBURG - 8795 (between MUNSTER and RHEINE) > MUNDROP. Arrived 1200 hrs. Regt placed under comd 6 Airborne Div and moved off again at 1600 hrs to harbour in their area. Route GREVEN - LENGERICH - IBURG. Harboured area MUNDROP 2703 [5 miles SE of OSNABRUCK] at 2100 hrs.
      [In the small town and villages, the German people stayed behind their curtains, and showed only white emblems of surrender. But there were cheers. They came from small ogroups who had been slave workeres and were now trekking west... Frenchmen, Dutchmen, Belgians...]
    • 5th - BISSENDORF > RABBER > OLDENDORF, Germany: Regt moved via BISSENDORF - RABBER - OLDENDORF at 0800 hrs and came up with 6 Airborne Div at 0900 hrs. The speed with which the Airborne moved compared with an ordinary Div was most illuminating. This force kept up something like an average of 15 m.p.h. including stops to brush aside resistance. RHQ moved across the EMS-WESER Canal to harbour area SOUTH of DESTEL 6219
    • 6th - WEGHOLM: Regt concentrated in area WEGHOLM 7621 ready to move across R. WESER next day.
    • 7th - NEWKINK 985273 > area 923283 - 922184 > WIEDENSAHL: C Sqn. The Regt Task was to adv on a 2-Sqn front covering elements of 6 Airborne Div. On the right C Sqn was to protect the right flank of the spearhead of 6 Airborne Div (5 Para Bde), and on the left 'B' Sqn. C Sqn to contact the AMERICANS on their right.
      The original route chosen by 6 Airborne Div was a circuitous one mainly through woods and along cross-country tracks, as far as possible avoiding the main rds.

      'B' Sqn
      'B' Sqn moved out at approx 0500 hrs to contact elements of the Airborne B'head Tps (6 Air Landing Bde) and then they moved in a NE direction towards the town of WINDHEIM 8725. The town was held and covered by mines across the rd. The situation was a bit confused and after a certain amount of shooting to get a 'B' Echelon of the Airborne out of trouble which had gone astray, the Sqn withdrew into the B'head again.

      When ROSENHAGEN had been cleared 'B' Sqn went forward, meeting little opposition until HAGENSBURG 080272, where 2 Tps got inside the village and could not get out on the far side. 12 Para Regt with its tanks cleared up the village and 'B' Sqn pushed on. The Sqn stuck to the metal rds to avoid being bogged; the Airborne Tps followed up.

      On the aerodrome on the outskirts of WUNSDORF 1556, 'B' Sqn again ran into trouble. They initially shot up several Germans, but some 20-mm and rather heavier A.A. guns opened up on them. At this point the tank-borne paratroops cut straight across from this rd to a parallel rd which led up the side of the river to BORDENAY Br. There was then a mad helter-skelter for the Br at BORDENAY, and after considerable firing the leading tks and the Armd Cars crossed in a bunch. The enemy were observed pulling out at the back of the village in half a dozen lorries. A small B'head was quickly formed by the paratroops, and the charges drawn out of the Br. 'B' Sqn sent a patrol NORTH to try and take the NEUSTADT Br from the EAST, but, owing to the delay likely to be caused by clearing of BORDENAY village itself and by a certain amount of shelling of this area, the patrol was diverted to move up the Western bank. When it got approx 1 mile off the Br it was fired on. A foot patrol was sent fwd to see if the Br was blown. This patrol reported there was no indication of it being blown, but that the Br surroundings appeared held. That night 'B' Sqn harboured in the BORDENAY B'head at about 2000 hrs.

      'A' Sqn
      At 0700 hrs 'A' Sqn was ordered to take over WINDHEIM, and 'B' Sqn pushed out of the B'head on the Airborne main centre line in a due Easterly direction. At ROSENHAGEN, the centre patrol contacted bazookas and 50 or 60 enemy. The leading Airborne inf (12 Para Regt), tank-borne, was quickly on the scene and there was considerable shooting before the village was cleared up.

      On the request of 11 Armd Div 'A' Sqn cleared WINDHEIM and the next village to the EAST, and at 1035 hrs reported the village of DOHREN 8926. At 1130 hrs they reported ROSENHARD 9223 and NEWCLICK 9126 clear, also the classification of the brs - Cl 40 at 919280 and Cl 12 at 910238. 11 Armd Div then passed though 'A' Sqn but would not move until these villages had been cleared. 'A' Sqn continued their clearing ops on the Northern flank, and cleared MUNCHENHAGEN where they spent the night.

      C Sqn
      At 0730 hrs C Sqn reported the village at 9120 held. C Sqn was moving up against opposition of varying strength, but mostly small arms, and an occasional bazooka. Each village had to be cleared 'A' Sqn were ordered to clear NEWKINK 985273. C Sqn's progress was slow, having no tank and inf support. There were repeated diversions because of non-existent or very bad tracks. C Sqn finally ended up with their fwd tps in the area 923283 - 922184. 3 Para Bde were ordered to move up behind C Sqn at 1500 hrs.

      RHQ remained for the night in an SS Camp at 865215 [north of LAHDE and C Sqn at WIEDENSAHL. That dat the regiment had helped to shatter the WESSER line and to lessen German hopes of a stand on the LEINE.]
    • 8th - adv towards the LEINE at RICKLINGEN. LUTTHE: C Sqn continued their adv towards the LEINE at RICKLINGEN, supported by 3 Parachure Brigade and tanks. RICKLINGEN is on the east bank of the LEINE, 6 miles south of BORDENAU and near the autobahn to HANNOVER. The Battle of RICKLINGEN BRIDGE:
      At about 1240 hrs C Sqn's leading elements were on the outskirts of LUTTHE, some 3 miles WEST of the RICKLINGEN Br. Civilians reported three tks carrying inf in this village. At 1315 hrs the shelling started again on the RICKLINGEN Br area, and there appeared to be movement from the wood towards the village of RICKLINGEN of an SP gun. Shortly after 'B' Sqn reported three enemy tks carrying inf and some half-tracks moving towards the village, and asked for support. By 1400 hrs C Sqn was definitely held up outside LUTTHE, and the inf and tks had taken over the job of clearing the village. C Sqn were ordered to contact AMERICAN tps who were clearing the wood 2025. C Sqn reported that owing to the Brs on the AMERICAN front all being blown the AMERICAN forces were switching NORTH and going over the RICKLINGEN Br. RHQ moved at 0700 hrs to KLEIN HEIBORNE.

      'B' Sqn
      At approx 14.15 hrs the enemy attacked 'B' Sqn in some strength from the EAST of RICKLINGEN with tks carrying inf and more inf in half-tracks. 'B' Sqn succeeded in shooting the majority of inf, but in spite of firing all their PIAT amn could not stop the tks, who played havoc with the vehs. The A/Tk gun was placed to face WEST as tks were known to be in LUTTHE. When the tks attacked from the EAST it was impossible to re-position the gun. This battle continued for approx 1 hr, when 3 Para Bde supported by tks appeared and the enemy withdrew, but continued to shell the area. 3 Para Bde in fact ran cross country for the last 2 miles to help us out. Total casualties suffered by 'B' Sqn were:
      Personnel - 2 wounded, 4 missing
      Vehicles - 7 Carriers, 3 half-tracks
    • 10th - village in 3553, NORTH of 366305, area of FUHRBERG: C Sqn. The Regt Tasks: to recce the limited adv of 6 Airborne Div who were increasing their b'head to take in the high ground due NORTH of HANOVER in the area BISSENDORF - ELZE - WEITZE. In addition the Regt was to keep contact with the AMERICANS on their right and to recce on a limited scale towards the town of CELLE. 'A' Sqn was on the left and C Sqn on the right. Contact with the AMERICANS to be established by C Sqn. RHQ were to follow up behind, eventually getting into an area around SCHERENDOSTEL. 'B' Sqn in reserve in the area of NIGGENBORNE.
      To begin with the going was slow, largely owing to poor visibility caused by mist. C Sqn on the right flank had had rather the worse of the going because of poor tracks which continually petered out into fields and woods, but there was not much opposition, and AMERICANS were contacted. A Royal Tiger Tank was discovered abandoned at one point, and attempts were made by C Sqn to get this tk back to our lines, but the AMERICANS who were taking NO chances, blew it up. C Sqn, in addition to advancing EAST, had been tapping SOUTH, and their first contact was gained at the village in 3553. There was the usual crop of civilian reports and Ex PW reports of little groups of enemy lying up in the woods, but in many cases these were found to be wrong. Civilians reported that the area of UNTERLUSS was a gun testing area and there were large stocks of amn dumped there. C Sqn again reported a contact in the area just NORTH of 366305, and here a rd block was found to be manned by about 30 inf and a Q.F. gun of a light calibre. After taking 15 POW C Sqn withdrew this patrol to a position of observation, the rd block being obviously manned by a fairly determined force. The AMERICANS took over this area and C Sqn concentrated behind 'A' Sqn in the area of FUHRBERG. It was clear that opposition was light to the EAST, but that the Northern approaches to HANOVER were held.

      This was the last day that the Regt was to work with 6 Airborne Div. The Regt were to continue the next day with 15 Div.
    • 11th - tap SOUTH towards HANOVER, village due WEST of RAMLINGEN: C Sqn. The Regt reverted to comd 15 (S) Div who had come up from the RHINE. Tasks for the Regt were to recce the adv of 15 Div to CELLE. The Div object was to get 227 Bde into CELLE from the WEST. C Sqn to tap SOUTH towards HANOVER and thus protect the right flank of the Div.
      C Sqn tapped SOUTH and contacted the AMERICANS, who did not appear to be going to adv that day. They also found some enemy back in the area of the rd block 366305. They took 9 POW and handed them over to the AMERICANS. An SP or A/Tk gun was reported at 577382. This was reported to be one of the pair which had been causing trouble to 'B' Sqn. C Sqn thus came up behind 'B' Sqn. They had managed to get further SOUTH and formed a firm base for 'B' Sqn in the village due WEST of RAMLINGEN. Here C Sqn remained for the rest of the day, less 2 patrols under comd 'B' Sqn watching 'B' Sqn's SE flank.

      By night-fall:
      RHQ and 'A' Sqn locns were unchanged
      . 'B' Sqn were at RAMLINGEN with C Sqn in the village due WEST of RAMLINGEN.
    • 12th - CELLE 611511: C Sqn. During the night the Div had been clearing the enemy located by the Regt and were still fighting in CELLE.
      Early on 12 April the 10th Highland Light Infantry, of 227 Brigade, entered Celle and crossed the Aller, the last important river barrier before the ELbe. West of the Aller bands of Germans were withdrawing northwards twoards Winsen through the forest. [In Celle a small and gruesome concentration camp was discovered - a subsidiary of Beslen. The horrible camp of Beslen was only a few miles away. On the morning of the 12 April a German delegation had arrived at the headquarters of the 11th Armoured Division to negitoate the surrender of a large area around it becuase typhus had broken out.]
      The Regt was concentrated as follows by dark:
      'A' Sqn - CELLE 5951
      'B' Sqn - 600512
      C Sqn - 611511
      RHQ approx 621522 (Bostel?).
    • 13th - 660560, area 801622 - 681614 > ENDGERHOLST 7461: The regtl task was to recce on a wide front ahead of the Div [and the tanks of 6 Guards Armoured Brigade from CELLE] to UELZEN 8989.
      The Regt was deployed 3 Sqns up:
      C Sqn On the right, approx centre line OHE 6656 - HOFER 7656 - BEADENBOSTEL 7052 - LUTTERN 7355 - ELDIGAN 859631 - BOKEL 8971 - NETTELKAMP.
      'A' Sqn on the left with centre line SHEWEN 5856 - Track Junc 6061 - RABER 6463 - Track junc 685680 - UNTERLUSS 7374 - HOSSERINGEN 8077 - BAHNSEN 8084
      'B' Sqn in the centre on the main rd through ESCHEDE 6962 - WEYHAUSEN 7969 - UELZEN

      Throughout the day all Sqns were handicapped by demolitions and thick wooded country.

      C Sqn on the right [line of advance was OHE > MARWEDE > BOKEL and NETTLEKAMP] made their first contact of the day at rd block 660560, but this they speedily cleared and the adv continued, the chief impediment being bad sandy tracks. In the area 801622 - 681614, C Sqn reported an Armd Car and Volkswagen with some [German] men on it, and the main impression that this was a mobile rear-guard to hold up the adv. By 2100 hrs they had reached ENDGERHOLST 7461.
      14th - BOKEL > WRESTEDT > NETTELKAMP: C Sqn. The centre line had been by-passed during the night by 227 Bde, as in the area of the crater at 770686 several unexploded time-bombs had been found. The main rd to UELZEN was therefore impassable. Everything had to go around forest tracks behind 227 Bde. 'A' and C Sqns were employed continuing up their previous centre lines. C Sqn were to continue up to Nettlekamp and if possible to get round the right flank of UELZEN.
      C Sqn made their first contact at 11.30 hrs at 695631 and were bazookad by Hitler Youth. Thereafter they reported periodical small contacts with bazooka teams and odd parties on the ground, but they pushed on. By 1610 hrs they reported the village of BOKEL clear and had collected 170 PW. They appeared to have caught these people completely by surprise. Later in the evening a released PW reported that the village of Nettlekamp 920799 was held by SS Troops and that one tk and 6 half-tracks had left the village heading NORTH to the village of WRESTEDT 7092. C Sqn followed up to this village and found WRESTEDT clear. They were ordered to concentrate for the night and selected the village of Nettlekamp

      'A' Sqn's further task was to recce due NORTH when they reached the area of the rly line by GRAULINGEN 8182 and HAMERSTORF 8383.. 227 Bde had got up during the night to approx HOLDENSTEDT 8783 where they were held up by considerable opposition assumed to be the outer defences of the UELZEN Garrison.
    • 15th - NETTELKAMP: C Sqn. By first light the Div was containing the Garrison of UELZEN and preparations were being made to clear the town. C Sqn were supposed to be in Nettlekamp with the Glasgow Highlanders at STADENSEN 9079. No contact on the air could be gained with C Sqn by first light, and rather alarming reports had been telephoned through from one of the Bdes that they had picked up a Sgt survivor who stated that the C' Sqn had been counter-attacked in the night and C' Sqn wiped out.
      'B' Sqn were thereupon ordered to send an Officer patrol out at once to try and find out the situation. Their route was to be SUDERBURG 8381 - X Tracks 867804 - STADENSEN - NETTELKAMP. A liaison officer arrived at about 1020 hrs from STADENSEN who stated that the Glasgow Highlanders have also been counter-attacked during the night and there had been considerable confusion. Some of their pls had been overrun, but that the situation was under control. He stated that Nettlekamp was believed to be in enemy hands.

      Meanwhile contact had been gained at last with C Sqn who confirmed that there had been a heavy counter-attack starting at about midnight and continuing until dawn. [The German counter-attack was delivered by the Panzer Division Clausewitz, a force formed specially to thrust deep into the advancing armies' lines of communication.] After holding out until dawn the village was evacuated. The counter attack was put in with tks, SPs and half-tracks. The attackers must have either been drugged or drunk, as many of them took crazy risks, howled and screamed like Red Indian tribesmen. The attack was led by inf in rubber boats who had very detailed information of our posns, followed by half-tracks with 20mm cannon who came down the centre of the main street, and supported by SP guns which circled the village and fired into it. Part of this enemy force must have been detached to Nettlekamp while the remainder of the force went on to the 2nd G.H. at STADENSEN.

      The strength of the force can be gauged from the fact that one member of C' Sqn counted no less than 3 Mk IV Tks, 8 SPs and 29 half-tracks going through the village to STADENSEN. It was obvious that the local inhabitants had given detailed locns of all the tps to the Germans, because as soon as the men left their billets to take up action stations on the alarm being given, Spandaus opened up on all exits, and almost at once SPs started shelling the buildings that were occupied by our men and set them alight. [They had used their white flags of surrender for signalling, and sent messengers to the Panzer Division Clausewitz.] This meant that it was impossible for the men to get to their vehs, as these had been parked tactically around the houses that we had occupied. [Sgt Major Albert Ward was wherever the fighting was fiercest, using Bren and rifle and PIAT and the grenade which destoyed a Spandau position. Cat Liddell and the sergeant major were the last to leave. No one had reckoned with a determined German attack so shortly before the war was virtually over.]

      C Sqn casualties in this operation were:
      Personnel:- Killed - 5. Wounded - 14. Missing - 39
      Vehicles:- Carriers - 8. Armd Cars - 4. Half-tracks - 1

      'B' Sqn
      The 'B' Sqn patrol, after observing for some time from the edge of the woods in area 833802, pushed fwd into the village of NETTELKAMP with some inf carriers. Here they found considerable chaos, and 60 enemy gave themselves up from a school-house cellar without a shot being fired, in spite of having large quantities of weapons and bazookas still at their disposal. It is admitted that the village had been heavily shelled by our own guns, but even allowing for this it seems difficult to account for this docility in the demons of the night before - possibly the drug(?) had worn off. 6 half-tracks were also found abandoned in the village. The only opposition to the 'B' Sqn patrol and the inf carriers was a certain amount of shelling from the area of the woods about 9380 - 9480.
    • 1945 April 14/15 - The Battle at Nettlekamp, South of Uelzen, Germany - The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment 'C' Squadron, Medals include:

      Sgt Major Ward's 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment's MM
      Albert Ward: WS/ WO II (Sqn. Sergeant Major) 3126699 (RAC)

      Action For Which Commended
      On the night 14/15 April 1945, when 'C' Squadron, The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment were harboured for the night in NETTLEKAMP, 3? miles SOUTH of UELZEN, Sqn. Sgt Major WARD (WO II) accompanied his Squadron Leader around the defences of Squadron HQ. At approximately 23.30 hrs a fierce enemy counter-attack developed against the Squadron as a whole, commencing with the forward troops. On attempting to reach the forward positions, the Squadron Leader with Sqn. Sergeant Major WARD were held up by enemy spandau [Maxim LMG 08/15 machine gun which had a theoretical cyclic firing rate of 500 7.92mm rounds per minute?] fire covering the exits to the Squadron HQ.

      With total disregard for his own personal safety Sqn. Sergeant Major WARD attacked the first spandau position, knocking it out with a well placed grenade. The other positions proved too much to eliminate so the Squadron Leader [Capt. Liddell] and Sqn. Sgt Major WARD were forced to return to Squadron HQ and supervise its defence.

      The enemy appeared to be in possession of full details of the strength and disposition of the Squadron, and it is known that the enemy were aided by civilians who showed them the best method of approach whereby they could avoid the carefully planned defence of Squadron HQ.

      Shortly after the attempt to reach the forward troops, an attack developed on the Squadron HQ supported by tanks and S.P. guns, with infantry carried on half-tracks equipped with quadruple 20mms guns. Throughout the whole night the enemy attempts to eliminate Squadron HQ were frustrated by the tenacity of the defence. Frequently small groups of enemy attempted to infiltrate into the buildings, and were invariably seen off by the defenders. The Sqn. Sgt Major WARD was always to be found where the fighting was fiercest, encouraging the men by his personal example of cheerfulness and complete disregard of his own personal safety. He used a Bren Gun Rifle or P.I.A.T as the circumstances warranted. The men found the Warrant Officer an inspiration and example which spurred them to great deeds of gallantry.

      At first light with the forward troops overwhelmed and only Squadron HQ still resisting, the Squadron Leader gave orders to evacuate the village. The remaining troops were organised into parties, which in the remaining vehicles had to run the gauntlet of fire from spandaus lining both sides of the only route out. Sqn. Sgt Major WARD accompanied the Squadron Leader in the last vehicle to leave the village, and only when they had ensured that no further men were still there.

      Sqn. Sgt Major WARD showed a degree of courage which was an inspiration to all who witnessed it and gained for him the admiration of all concerned. The action of this Squadron, and in particular Squadron HQ, undoubtedly frustrated what was a well-planned attack, which from captured documents would appear to have had the object of cutting the main axis of the division.

      • Recommended by Lt. Col Comd. of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regt.
      • Date Recommendation passed forward 17 April 1945
      • Division: Received 18 Apirl 1945 - Passed 23 April 1945
      • Corps: Received 24 Apirl 1945 - Passed 27 April 1945
      • Corps: Received 27 Apirl 1945 - Passed 2 May 1945
      • Signed Field Marshall Commander in Chief B.L Montgomery
      C Squadron's fierce encounter at Nettelkamp was with remnants of the Clausewitz Division; this was a Panzer division created to thrust into the Allied lines of communications. 5 men were killed in the battle, 14 wounded and 39 missing, most of whom were captured by the enemy, some of whom were French SS.

      Medals earned at Nettlekamp
      • MC - Capt Liddell
      • MM - Sgt Major Ward (daddy), Sgt Gartland and Cpl McDonald (I have communicated with his lovely & proud relative).
      The Nettelkamp battle is documented in the book "Scottish Lion on Patrol: 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment" by T. Chamberlin, M.R. Riesco & W. Kemsley - page 244 - 263 and page 252 - 253.
    • 16th - SUDERBURG: C Sqn & RHQ at SUDERBURG.
    • 17th - Contact was made with 2nd S.A.S. Regt (Special Air Service Regiment) at BOHLSEN, about 6 km WEST of UELZEN. As this force, (FRANKFORCE) was an independent command under Lieut. Colonel B.M. FRANKS, DSO, MC, it was decided that he should work in support of the Regt for mutual advantage during further operations.
      Operation Archway was planned to support the XVIII Airborne Corps Operation Varsity parachute landings across the Rhine river. The force from the Special Air Service would be known as Frankforce. Named after the officer selected to command it, the commanding officer of 2nd Special Air Service, Lieutenant Colonel Brian Franks. Frankforce was made up of two reinforced Special Air Force squadrons, one each from the 1st and 2nd Special Air Service regiments. The force would number about 300 all ranks, mounted in 75 armed Jeeps, some also equipped with 3-inch mortars. Several members of the 15th Recce believe that it was whilst operating with 2nd SAS that they were amongst the first to encounter the horrific camp at Belsen.
    • 18th - Regt Task: to find the form NORTH and NE of UELZEN and to get as far NORTH as possible. 'A' Sqn were employed on this task.
    • 19th - SECKLENDORF > EDDLESTORF > BAVENDORF > THOMASBURG > approaches to BLACKEDE > NEETZE: C Sqn. Regt Task: to recce fwd on two main routes towards the R. ELBE with 'B' Sqn on the right, C Sqn on the left.
      C Sqn on the left reported the villages of SECKLENDORF 9205 and EDDLESTORF 9309 clear by about 0930 hrs, and progressed very rapidly up the centre line through BAVENDORF, THOMASBURG and NEETZE without meeting any real opposition. A number of PW were taken, and a large PW camp of both AMERICANS and BRITISH was discovered just WEST of BAVENDORF 9415. 11 Armd Div on our left took over the responsibility of this camp. The 'C' Sqn continued to tap out from NEETZE towards the R. ELBE but on approaching the banks contact was made on the approaches to the small town of BLACKEDE 985248. It was clear that fairly strong outpost posns were established on rds running into the town. C Sqn set up their HQ at NEETZE and remained in posn of observation on the rds running into BLACKEDE. [In NEETZE C Sqn found an international circus - the lions and beers were missing. Rumours were they were killed by panzers or in a Typhoon attack. The circus performed for the soldiers.]

      'B' Sqn on the right met far more opposition, on all the rds running into the large forest of GOHRDE. Civilian reports of enemy mov, made it clear that the Germans were using the forest as some sort of a collecting place for his remnants prior to getting them across the ELBE.

      In the late afternoon orders from Div HQ were received to the effect that the Regt was to protect the right flank of the Div from incl GARZE to incl BAVENDORF, a distance of some 14 miles. To do this the Regt was deployed as follows:
      'A' Sqn, RHQ, and HQ SAS at NEETZE
      C Sqn at THOMASBURG
      'B' Sqn BAVENDORF
    • 20th - THOMASBURG: C Sqn. The Regt concentrated [for the assault on the Elbe] as follows:
      'A' & 'B' Sqns, RHQ, Echelons & LAD at NEETZE.
      C Sqn THOMASBURG 9519.
    • 21st - 27 Regt static.
      [It was from Polish displaced persons that the regiment learned that Germans had buried documents in a wood outside of NEETZE. THE RSM superintended 2 days of digging which uncovered more than 30 large steel filing cabinets containing records of the Reich Arbeitsdienst (labour Battalions), which included personal histories of members of the Nazi Party over a wide area. Preparing for VII Corps, The 15th Scottish Division and 1 Commando Brigade to begin Operation Enterprise - the assualt on the Elbe line and the advance to the Baltic coast.]
    • 28th - In conjunction with the Div plan for crossing the ELBE, the Regt was ordered to take over the area of 46 Bde on the ELBE bank ('A' Sqn were given this commitment).

    • 29th - Assault crossing of the ELBE: During the night the Div made the assault crossing of the ELBE. C Sqn Tac HQ and two patrols were standing by ready to cross the ELBE and recce from the B'head as soon as called fwd by Div. By midafternoon C Sqn Tac HQ and patrols were across. They had a very unpleasant time in the marshalling area and crossing, due to enemy aircraft, and shelling. Both veh and personnel casualties were caused through enemy air activity.
    • 30th - SCHWARZENBECK > BRUNSTORF > KOLLOW: C Sqn. The Regt with under comd 2 Sqns 2nd SAS Regt crossed the ELBE Br at 0630 hrs without incident and met up with C Sqn and proceeded to recce. C Sqn on the centre line KOLLOW - SCHWARZENBECK. 'A' Sqn on the left - centre line HAMWADE - WORTH 7545. RHQ est at JULIUSBURG.
      C Sqn [went north to KOLLOW] progressed very well and by 0930 hrs were sitting in SCHWARZENBECK, having taken a fairly large number of PW. 'A' Sqn on the left made contact in HAMWADE and were generally held up in that area. C Sqn held the southern half of SCHWARZENBECK and made contact with various enemy troops, incl SS, in the Northern part of this town, on the left in BRUNSTORF 7847 and on the right in the small village 843480. Due to some fast talking on the part of a Troop Comd of C Sqn and the I.O. of the SAS, negotiations were made for the surrender of some 1,800 S.S. troops in the general area. These negotiations dragged out during the whole day and did not in fact come to fruition, but quite a large number of S.S. troops and offrs did surrender, although in fact the major part did not.

      During the day some four to five hundred PW were taken.

      By evening the Regt was relieved by 2 Inf Bns of 44 Bde in SCHWARZENBECK and an Inf Bn of 227 Bde came up to help. The Regt by night-fall was located as under:
      RHQ, 'A' Echelon & C Sqn - KOLLOW 814445
      'B' Sqn (Residue Sqn) & LAD - NEETZE

    • April 30, 1945 - Hitler cowardly committed suicide on April 30, 1945. Karl Dönitz was named his successor as Reich President. In the following days, German troops all over Europe surrendered to the Allies, beginning in Italy on May 2. That same day, the Red Army conquered Berlin.
  • May 1945
    • 1st - KOLLOW > BRUNSDORF: C Sqn. The main Rgt task was to patrol outside the perimeter of the Corps brhead and to seize, if possible, the village of BRUNSDORF and to patrol out westwards from HAMWADE towards HAMBURG. C Sqn patrolled northward and finally took the village of BRUNSDORF at approx 1800 hrs, where they were relieved by 6 KOSB.

      In the afternoon the news of Hitler's death was broadcast.
      Regt located as under:
      RHQ with C Sqn and A Ech KOLLOW 814445
      A Sqn HAMWADE
      B Sqn (Residue Sqn) and LAD NEETZE
      B Ech in Div Adm Area BAVENDORF
    • 2nd - Rgt task: local patrolling from the brhead westwards to HAMBURG and northwards on the main axis towards LUBECK. A Sqn was approached by German Officers with the initial surrender of forces within the small town of BERGDORF. [Sgt Tiny Kirman became the first link in the chain of negiotations which resulted in the surrender of Hamburg and, ultimately, of the German armies in North West Europe.]
      The Scottish Division cleared Saschsenwald and found the Prince and Princess Von Bismarck in a castle at Friedrichsruh.

      Surrender of Hamburg, 3 May, 1945

      3 May 1945 - British officers arriving at Hamburg Town Hall on 3 May 1945 to accept the surrender of the port city of Hamburg. This came just before the main German surrender in the north, signed at Luneburg Heath on the following day. Source: Rickard, J (13 March 2020), Surrender of Hamburg. My German Mummy (20 years old, then) and her Mother would have been thanking God that the Despicable Nazis Regime and the War was over and it was the British, the city had the fortune to surrender too (little, did she know that she would be charmed by a bonnie Scottish laddie with his black market gifts!)

      3rd - PAPENDORF > LAGELAKE (LANGELOHE) > outskirts / Stop Line of HAMBURG > AHRENSBURG: C Sqn. Rgt ordered to push on if possible to cut the HAMBURG - LUBECK Autobahn in the areas of BARGTEHEIDE 6673 and AHRENSBURG 6667, when we would be followed up by 44 Bde on the rt and 44 Bde on the left. Sqns set out at first light with two tps SAS in support; A Sqn on the rt and C Sqn on the left.
      C Sqn on the left had cleared up as far as PAPENDORF and LAGELAKE 6858. C Sqn on the left, having cleared PAPENDORF and area were going to continue on to their objective when they were approached by a German Staff Officer with a Stop Line which he said had been arranged by Treaty and which briefly was a line drawn round the outskirts of the suburbs of HAMBURG. This was referred to Div for their guidance and after some delay it was finally found that this was in fact the initial surrender of HAMBURG. C Sqn were therefore unable to progress any further. A Sqn continued on the rt and captured BARGTEHEIDE, and C Sqn then side-stepped behind A Sqn so as not to interfere with the demarcation line and continued and captured AHRENSBURG.

      Up until about 1600 hrs the Regt had taken some 5 - 600 PW. About this time the Commander 2nd SAS Regt was called to Corps, and he and the CO motored up the Autobahn as far as LUBECK, and were able to report the whole line of the Autobahn clear. At about 1900 hrs a flying patrol was sent to FRIEDRISK SRAH 730512 to guard documents of importance to the Allies which were located in the Schloss at this town, which was being used by the SWEDISH and NORWEGIAN Legations.

      [Squadrons advanced rapidly to the Hamburg-Lubeck autobahn against confused enemy, who hardly resisted at all. There seemed to be no end to the stream of prisoners. That evening a patrol was sent from C Sqn to FRIEDRICHSRUH to be a guard for the Swiss amabassador and his family, who were in a public house.]

      The Regt harboured for the night:
      C Sqn AHRENSBURG [billited in Max Schmeling's (a German boxer who was heavyweight champion of the world between 1930 and 1932) training quarters.
      RHQ and HQ 2 SAS, A Ech at GROSS HANSDORF
    • 4th - Regt less B Sqn, A Ech and LAD, were moved to ELMENHORST 669776 [between Bargteheide and Bad Oldesole].
      At midnight Comd 2 SAS, who had harboured his Regt at BORSTAL some 2 miles from ELMENHORST, came in to state that one of his jeeps had been ambushed in the area HEIDERFELD 6489. The Burgomaster of that village had come down by bicycle to tell him that a number of SS Tps had set up in the village and ambushed his jeep, and were remaining in the village. OC 2 SAS Regt requested assistance for an early strike tomorrow morning before the "cease fire" came into effect at 0800 hrs. Arrangements to this effect were made. [It was at 18.20 that evening, 4 May 1945, Field Marshal Busch (the Head of German Army Group Northwest, tasked with defending the portion of German coastline along the North Sea) signed the surrender at Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters on Luneburg Heath. The "cease fire" was to be at 8 am, on the 5 May. Field Marshal Busch died in a prisoner of war camp in England, on 17 July 1945.]
      On May 4, troops in northwestern Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark surrendered; on May 6, they did the same in Central Europe. Karl Dönitz had started negotiations with the Western Allies, hoping to reach a separate peace. The Western Allies did not agree to this. Rather, they stuck to their agreement, which stipulated Germany's unconditional surrender to all Allied forces, as the only acceptable end to the war.

    • 5 May 1945 - "Cease fire" came into effect at 08.00 hrs
      The striking force under the CO of 4 car patrols with mortars and A/Tk guns, and 2 Sqns SAS, RVd at LEEZEN 6588 at 0530 hrs. Patrols pushed into HEIDERFELD and met no opposition, but a jeep was found abandoned and shot up. On enquiries locally it was confirmed that about 60 SS had been in the village the night before when the driver and co-driver of the jeep had been very badly wounded, if not killed. The remaining two occupants of the jeep were slightly wounded. The enemy had withdrawn from the village about 2 hours before we arrived. Patrols then pushed on through TODESFELD 6091 to BARK 6193 where they caught up with about 10 SS who were taken prisoner. They stated that the main force had withdrawn into the forest at SEGEBURG with strong posts in the villages of WITTENBORN 6395 WANSTEDT 6398. As the Armistice came into effect whilst we were clearing up the 10 SS in BARK it was decided that no further action could be taken and the force returned to LEEZEN. [That night the tracer from Bofors rose to make "V" signs in the sky.]
    • 7th - KIEL CANAL: [C Sqn established posts on the bridges over the KIEL CANAL to control the German forces moving south from Denmark to surrender. Engaged at BRUNSBUTTEL, west of Itezhoe. While in KIEL, the regiment undertook a task to accept the surrender of the German Kriegsmarine. Thre reconnaissance cars, each carrying an officer, were despatched to an enormous concrete blockhouse in the middle of KIEL. The officer collected the signed documents while the rest waited his return.]
      Major General Barber issued a Special Order of the day, thanking a 'gallant Division' for all their great achievements, the 15 Recce regiment:

      • Had travelled about 1,500 miles in 316 days (since landing on the beaches near ARROMANCHES, Normandy, France)
      • Crossed 4 countries: France, Belgium, Holland and Germany
      • Crossed 3 major rivers: The Seine, Rhine and Elbe
      • Lost 7 officers and 66 other ranks.
      • The Division had taken 24,500 prisoners of war and the count was continuing


      Surrender of Germany - 8 May 1945

    • 8 May 1945 - the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces was signed in Karlshorst, Berlin, on the night of 8 May 1945 (21:20 local time) by representatives of the three armed services of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) and the Allied Expeditionary Force together with the Supreme High Command of the Soviet Red Army, with further French and US representatives signing as witnesses.
    • 8th - Holding the line of the KIEL CANAL from BRUNSBUTEL 5290 - br 0416: C Sqn. A further Sqn was required to form a stop on the brs over the KIEL CANAL to control the remainder of the German Armies from DENMARK who were coming South towards HAMBURG to surrender. C Sqn were sent out on this and seized and held without opposition the line of the KIEL CANAL from BRUNSBUTEL 5290 - br 0416, where they formed crossing patrols on all crossing places between these two points.
      Locns of the Regt for the night:
      RHQ, A Ech, LAD ELMENHORST 6777
      A Sqn KIEL
      B Sqn NERITZE 6880
      C Sqn BRUNSBUTEL 5290
    • 9 - BRUNSBUTEL: C Sqn. formed a stop on the brs over the KIEL CANAL to control the remainder of the German Armies from DENMARK who were coming South towards HAMBURG to surrender.
      During the day the CO was called to Div for an O Gp when it was stated that by arrangements with 8 Corps a GERMAN Force was to attempt to clear the forest of SEGEBURG of the SS who were still holding out in that area. Steps were required to ensure that the main axis BAD SEGEBURG 6896 - NEUMUNSTER 4711 was not interfered with, and the residue Sqn was put out to do this! They took up posns on the morning of the 10th.
    • 10 - BRUNSBUTEL: C Sqn. C Sqn. formed a stop on the brs over the KIEL CANAL to control the remainder of the German Armies from DENMARK who were coming South towards HAMBURG to surrender.
      "A" Sqn - KIEL
      "B" Sqn - stops in the Wehrmacht - SS battle on the main SEGEBURG - NEUMUNSTER Rd
      RHQ, A Ech and LAD - ELMENHORST
      "C" Sqn - BRUNSBUTEL
    • 14th - ELMENHORST (north-east of Ahrensburg): C Sqn relieved from commitment on KIEL CANAL and returned to previous locn at ELMENHORST.
      [At ELMENHORST the regiment had been checking the amazing processions of the defeated German forces along the Hamburg road who were coming from the east and north.]
    • 16th - TIMMENDORFER STRAND, north-east of Lübeck: Regt. Regt less A Sqn moved to TIMMENDORFER STRAND 9905 preparatory to taking over PW Staging Camp Commitments in that area. Recces were made and camps set up in the large woods 9806 - 9905. Arrangements were made to meet the PW who were supposed to arrive in US PW Tpt.
    • 17th - As above: Regt preparing for PW
      RHQ, B & C Sqns, A & B Echs and LAD - TIMMENDORFER STRAND
      A Sqn - KIEL
    • 18th - The first batch of 23,000 PW arrived by train without major incident and were staged for the night in the prepared camps. Permission was obtained during the day to change the plan and to detrain at NEUSTADT and hand PW straight to German Control without staging. It was decided that the staging camp would be emptied as follows - 3,000 - 19 MAY. 10,000 - 20 MAY. 10,000 - 21 MAY.
    • 19th - Detraining (of PW?) commenced at NEUSTADT 0116. The vehs of the German PW arrived by rd and had to be passed by us into the German area.
    • 20th - 23 - Regt continued with PW commitment at NEUSTADT. C Sqn: Mustin south-west of Gross Thurow
    • 24th - KREIS STORMAN: C Sqn. Two Sqns ordered to take over from RA in the northern part of KREIS STORMAN in the towns of BAD ODESLOE and REINFELD 8185, south-west of Lütjensee. A and C Sqns were ordered for this task and moved that day.
    • 25th - REINFELD, south-west of Lübeck: C Sqn.
      Regt located as under:
      A Sqn - BAD ODESLOE - commitment of VPs (Vulnerable Points) and DPs (Displaced Persons)
      C Sqn - REINFELD - commitment, control of DPs in that area
    • 26th - 27 - REINFELD: C Sqn. Extra commitment for C Sqn producing 3 tps of Armd Cars to escort SS PW to Second Army SS Camp.
    • 31st - REINFELD: C Sqn.
      Locns of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment as under:
      A Sqn - BAD ODESLOE
      C Sqn - REINFELD
    • 19 - 31st - [275,619 Prisoners of War, being sent from the American Zone to the Oldenburg Peninsula in the north, passed thruogh the staging camp which The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment organised in the woods above TIMMENDORFER STRAND (north of Lubeeck) or through the detraining point which the regiment supervised at NEUSTADT.]
    • ? - [RSM Eardley became the regiment's new quartermaster and SSM Ward (Daddy) succeeded him as a regimental sargeant major (of the 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment.]
  • 1945 19 July - KREIS STORMAN, Germany: [The Regt handed over its frontier posts to the 119th LAA Regiment and took up its quarters in KREIS STORMAN].
  • 1946 April 1 - The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment was disbanded.

    The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment, WWII War Diaries - The National Archives in London holds The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment, RAC war diaries covering WW2. Unfortunately the records have not yet been digitised and cannot be downloaded. Post COVID 19, you can order records in advance to be ready for you when you visit Kew. Or you can view WWII War diaries for the The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment.
  • 1945 November 11 - Awarded a Military Medal: RSM Albert Ward and W/Cpl J McDonald of The 15th Scottish Reconnaissance Regiment received their M.M.s from General Montgomery at the Crusader Garrison Theatre, Lubeck, Germany. The photographs were taken by Sgt Mapham and, Car_Commander posted them on
  • 1945 September - 1949? Warrant Officer 1st Class Albert Ward Royal Armoured Corps: 3126699
  • 1949 - Marriage: Daddy charmed (with "black market" gifts) and... married (German) Mummy, in Hamburg!

    Scottish Daddy marries German Mummy!


The Royal Scots Fusiliers

From - so sad if I have got some of this wrong.

Major Albert Ward MBE MM of The Royal Scots Fusiliers 1958

  • 1950 - Munster, Germany?: posted to York Barracks, Munster?
  • 1951 - Wuppertal, Germany?: posted to Keightley Barracks, Wuppertal?
  • 1952 - Berlin, Germany?: posted to Montgomery Barracks?
  • 1954 - To be Lt. (Qr.Mr.), 16th June 1954
  • 1954 - Ghana: posted to Teshie near Accra
  • 1957 - Shorncliffe, England: posted to Napier Barracks, Shorncliffe.
  • 1957 - To be Capt. (Qr.Mr.), 19th Apr. 1957

The Royal Highland Fusiliers

The Royal Highland Fusiliers were formed on the 20 January 1959 by the amalgamation of The Royal Scots Fusiliers, with The Highland Light Infantry). The Royal Highland Fusiliers regiment was initially based at Redford Barracks, Edinburgh. The Royal Highland Fusiliers motto: Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (No One Assails Me With Impunity).

Royal Highland Fusiliers Photos: Major Albert Ward MBE MM of The Royal Highland Fusiliers - 2nd row, 3rd from right

Royal Highland Fusiliers Photos

  • 1959 - Jan 20, Redford Barracks, Edinburgh: Captain Albert Ward MM (434965) was the first Quartermaster (QM) of The Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) and Lieutenant W. (Bill) Stobie was the assistant QM.
  • 1960 - Aden, Yemen - Singapore Lines. Apparently there was concern in a Commons Sitting about the appalling conditions prevailing in Aden. The Royal Highland Fusiliers Posting to Aden & The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Aden Accommodation
  • 1960 - June? Daddy was awarded an MBE (Most Excellent Order of The British Empire)> Mummy was so upset we didn't go and that he recieved it in person!
  • 1961 - The Royal Highland Fusiliers were stationed in Malta, St. Patricks barracks
  • 1963 - The Royal Highland Fusiliers were stationed in Iserlohn, Mons Barracks, West Germany (where I was born)

    Royal Highland Fusiliers Videos: Princess Margaret visited The Royal Highland Fusiliers, in Iserlohn, West Germany on 1963 (sorry, check towards the end of the vid).
  • 1965 - Daddy was detached & served in Cyprus - The Royal Highland Fusiliers also served as the British battalion in the United Nations peacekeeping force in Cyprus in 1965.
  • 1967 - Iserlohn, West Germany. The Royal Highland Fusiliers were granted the freedom of Iserlohn, becoming the first British infantry regiment to receive that honour from a town in West Germany. Daddy was one of the flag bearers during The Royal Highland Fusiliers march through Iserlohn.
  • 1967 - We lived in Spandau, Berlin, West Germany
  • 1968 - Gibraltar. The Royal Highland Fusiliers were deployed to Gibraltar for six months on frontier duties after General Franco closed the frontier between Spain and Gibraltar - I can't remember Daddy ever mentioning this?
  • 1969 - The Royal Highland Fusiliers were stationed in Bergen-Hohne Garrison, Hohne, Lower Saxony, West Germany
  • 1969 Sep 24 - Major Albert Ward MBE MM unwillingly retires from the R.H.F. :(
  • A special shout out and hug to :) Royal Highland Fusiliers: Brig. Archibald Ian Buchanan-Dunlop, CBE, DSO (Associate Colonel), Maj-Gen. Charles Whish Dunbar, CBE, Major Willie Shaw MBE and Major A A (Bunny) Fisher who I remember so fondly
  • 2006 March 28 - (Mummy's birthday) The Royal Regiment of Scotland was formed when the six surviving regular and two territorial regiments of Scottish Infantry were amalgamated. I was in Edinburgh and by accident saw the last march by the AWESOME Scottish regiments along Princess Street, Edinburgh and tears uncontrollably flowed as these legendary regiments were merged into The Royal Regiment of Scotland - disgusted :(
  • Royal Highland Fusiliers - please post as many historical images and videos online. My parents L.O.V.E.D The Royal Highland Fusiliers as did my brother and myself. Please share online and keep this legendary regiment in documented in visual history.

    The 2005 Edinburgh Military Tattoo celebrated Trafalgar 2005: The Massed Pipes and Drums was led by Senior Drum Major Scott McDougall of The Royal Highland Fusiliers. The 2005 Tattoo saw one of the largest gatherings of pipes and drums in the event's history, with 13 bands on parade, including the pipes and drums of all six regular infantry regiments of the Scottish Division including The Royal Highland Fusiliers. Guttingly, this was the last time all six regular infantry regiments of the Scottish Division appeared at the Tattoo prior to the formation of the Royal Regiment of Scotland :(


Recruitment Officer for Scottish Army

Major Albert Ward MBE MM - behind the distinguished (not uniformed) gentleman, to the right

Recruitment Officer for Scottish Army, Rutland Sqaure, Edinburgh

  • 1969 - Served as Recruitment Officer for Scottish Army, Rutland Sqaure, Edinburgh
Emplyoment Officer for the Regular Forces Employment Association
  • 1975 - Served as an Emplyoment Officer for the Regular Forces Employment Association, at New Haig House, Logie Green Rd, Edinburgh to help find ex-soldiers civie jobs. Loved the army and working so much he even wrote and met Malcolm Rifkind to try and continue working after retirement age ie late 60s!

Major Albert Ward MBE MM's Medals

Major Albert Ward MBE MM - is the middle flag bearer in this Royal Highland Fusiliers photo

Royal Highland Fusiliers Photos: middle flag bearer Major Albert Ward MBE MM of The Royal Highland Fusiliers

  • MM - Military Medal awarded in 1945. German Attack on "C" Squadron on the night of 14/15 April 1945 at Nettlekamp, near Welzen/Hamburg, Germany
  • MBE - Member of the Order of the British Empire awarded in 1961
  • Field Marshal Montgomery's Certificate of Outstanding Good Service during the N.W. Europe Campaign awarded in 1946
  • General Service Medal (Palestine 1936), awarded clasps for Cyprus 1958 & Arbian Peninsula, Aden, 1960
  • The 1939 - 1945 Star - a UK military campaign medal to award British and Commonwealth forces for service in the Second World War.
  • The France and Germany Star - a UK military campaign medal, to award British Commonwealth forces who served in France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands or Germany and adjacent sea areas between 6 June 1944 and 8 May 1945, during the Second World War.
  • The Defence Medal - a UK campaign medalto be awarded to subjects of the British Commonwealth for both non-operational military, certain types of civilian war service during the Second World War and military personnel working in headquarters, on training bases and airfields for the duration of the War in Europe from 3 September 1939 to 8 May 1945.
  • The 1939 - 1945 Medal - a UK campaign medal to award subjects of the British Commonwealth who had served full-time in the Armed Forces or the Merchant Navy for at least 28 days between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945.
  • UN Medal In The Service of Peace (Cyprus 1965) - A United Nations Medal is an international decoration awarded by the United Nations (UN) to the various world countries members for participation in joint international military and police operations such as peacekeeping, humanitarian efforts, and disaster relief.
  • Coronation Medal (Queen Elizabth II 1953) - This medal was awarded as a personal souvenir from the Queen to members of the Royal Family and selected officers of state, members of the Royal Household, government officials, mayors, public servants, local government officials, members of the navy, army, air force and police in Britain, her colonies and Dominions
  • Regular Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, 1947

Funeral - 2003


Hugest thanks to so SWEET, Major Willie Shaw MBE who helped us get a fantastic piper (who also got Mummy one on her's :( And such a pro, he sent Mummy a letter as to who attended Daddy's Funeral (which, I have just rediscovered. Hugest hugs to the Royal Highland Fusiliers who attended. To keep their fab names alive:

  • Major Graham Buchanan-Dunlop - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Colin Crawford - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Major Colin Dunbar - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Major Bunny Fisher - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Bill Kerr & Jackie - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Hugh Mackay - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Alan Roberston - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Major Ian Shepherd - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Major Willie Shaw MBE - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Major Bill Stobie and Ina - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • John Taylor - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Moira Thom - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • Tommy (our batman) - Royal Highland Fusiliers
  • And the very caring nurses of Astley Ainslie Hospital, Edinburgh

Some of Daddy's Favourites:

  • Piper's tune and played at his funeral (with hugest thanks to Major Willie Shaw MBE of The Royal Highland Fusiliers) - "Highland Cathedral"
  • Song - "Oh, Danny Boy"
  • Food - always a soldier!
  • Saying with a wee whisky... "another one, for the road :)"
Major Albert Ward MBE MM

Major Albert Ward MBE MM

Major Albert Ward MBE MM

Date of Birth: 24 December 1914
Place of Birth: Edinburgh, Scotland
Occupation: Major of The Royal Highland Fusiliers
Died: 8 June 2003, Edinburgh, Scotland
Major Albert Ward MBE MM

Major Albert Ward MBE MM

Ursula Augusta Maria Ward (nee Uschi Baingo)

Major Albert Ward MBE MM's Wife

Trischi Ward

Major Ward MBE MM's Daughter - Trischi Ward

Bruce ward

Major Albert Ward MBE MM's Son - Bruce

Royal Highland Fusiliers photo: The Royal Highland Fusiliers, Iserlohn 1965

The Royal Highland Fusiliers

Useful Links

WW2 Youtube Videos

Youtube - you suck that these videos, can't be embedded in this page!

15th (Scottish) Reconnaissance Regiment - France

July 1944. In Normandy, Allied forces reach Caumont.

Operation BLUECOAT - France

30 July - 7 August 1944: a British offensive in the Battle of Normandy, to secure the road junction of Vire and the high ground of Mont Pinçon, in France.

Operation ESTRY - France

Operation Estry was designed to protect the flank of the Guards Armoured Division, the 4th (Tank) Battalion attacked near Estry in the BOCAGE and follow up an enemy withdrawal from ESTRY
  • ?

Operation PHEASANT - Netherlands: to clear German troops from the province of North Brabant, in the Netherlands

Operation GUILDFORD - The 44 (L) Inf Bde attack on BLERICK, Netherlands

2 December 1944
  • ?

Operation VERITABLE - The Battle for The Rhineland

8 February - 11 March 1945

Hamburg, Germany

Mummy's home town

Forgive me, I still seek and hope, I find images of my parents